8 Matrices

8.1 Inverse matrix
 4 2  0 − 1   1 0 

 1
 ,
= 

2



1
0
0
1

 2

 

1 0
 ; A =
AB = 
0
1

 4 2   0 − 1 
 = 1
Inverse of 

1
0

  2 − 2 
 0 −1  4 2

Inverse of  1 − 2  = 

  − 1 0 
2

1
det er min ant
2. Transpose
2.1 change of address
1.

2.2 change of gender
3. Simplify

B -1 = A

0
1

2

Example 1
 − 3 7

Inverse 
 − 2 6
1
(−3)(6) − (7)(−2)

−1

−1

− 2

−1

0
=1

2

 4 2

= 
−1 0

Exercise 1
 − 3 7

Inverse 
 − 2 6

6

1


− 3
(−3)(6) − (7)(−2) 
6 7 
1


(−3)(6) − (7)(−2)  2 − 3 
6 7 
1


(−18) − (−14)  2 − 3 
1 6 7 


=
− 4  2 − 3 
=

 6

=−4
 2
−4
PPMP

1. Inverse A = A -1
−1

a b 
 cross
2. 2.1 
c d 
2.2 Turun dan tukar
2.3 Terbalik/tukar tanda
3. Simplify

A =B

 4 2



1
0

-1

−1

− 2

−1

− 2

0
 4 2

 ; B=  1

−1 0
2

7   − 3 − 7
 

− 4 =  2
4 
− 3   −1 3 
 

−4  2
4 

Example 2
3 
 5

Inverse 
 − 4 − 2
1
1
(5)(−2) − (−4)(3)
- 2 
1


5 
(5)(−2) − (−4)(3) 
 - 2 3
1


(5)(−2) − (−4)(3)  4 5 
=

 − 2 3
1


(−10) − ( −12)  4 5 

Exercise 2
 − 2 − 5

Inverse 
9 
 3

Example 3 − 4 1  1 0   N =    5 2 0 1 N = inverse of  2 −1 1   = (−8) − (5)  − 5 − 4  1  2 −1   = − 13  − 5 − 4  Or −2 1    =  13 13  4  5    13 13  Exercise 3  − 3 1  1 0  =   N   4 − 2  0 1 Find N Example 4  3 − 3  is Inverse of  1 4  1  4 3  . = p − 2 q   Example 5  6 7  m    4 5  − 2   5  − 2 − 7  1 0   2  =  n  0 1 7 6 7   2  =inverse  4 5   6  5 − 7 1   = (30) − (28)  − 4 6  1  5 − 7  =  2  − 4 6   5 −7  = 2 2   − 2 3  m = 5/2 .= 1  − 2 3   2  4 5  −2  = 2  4  2 3   −1 2 = 5   2 2  3  2 5  2 Inverse of a matrix.find m and n. n = 3 Example 4  7 2  is Inverse of  2 1   1 − 2    .find p and q. =  m  − 1 n  1  4 3 3  = m  − 1 n   1 4 1  = (12) − (−3)  − 1 1  4 3  =  15  − 1 3  − 3  4  3  3  −1 m = 15 . . n = 3 Example 5 3 m   n − 1  1 0     =   5 2 − 5 3 0 1      Find the value of m and n.

3.8. Example 3 5 x + 2 y = 13 4 x – 3 y = 15 1. Write in matrices equation 2. Using matrices . Answer  x  − 3 − 2 13  1   =    y − 4 5 − 15 − ( 8 )    15   x 1  − 69    =   y 23 − 23      − 69   x   − 23     =   y   23   − 23   x  3    =    y   − 1 x=3 . find the value of x and of y that satisfy the following simultaneous linear equation.Solve 4. y= 3 13 15 – 3 – 2 –39+ –30 –4 8. y= –1 x=–2 . 5 – 42+ 75 .4 . Multiplication of matrices. ‘Remove’ the matrices Exercise 3 4 x + 7y = 13 3x– y =– 9  5 2  x  13     =    4 − 3  y  15   x  1   =   y  (5)( −3) − (4)( 2)  13    15   x  − 3 13  1   =    y 5 ( 5 )( − 3 ) − ( 4 )( 2 )    15   x  − 3 − 2 13  1   =     y  (5)( −3) − (4)( 2)  − 4 5 15  3.

Row by column Example 2 3 − 4  ( 2 1)  1 5  5 3 Example 3  3 1  3      − 2 4  4  3 –4 1 5 3 2 3 1 5 4 2 1 2 1 3 1 –2 4 2. The question –8+ 5 ) –3) Question 2 3 − 4  ( 2 1)  1 5  13    10  Question 3  3 1  3      − 2 4  4  3 1 –2 4 3x2+1x3 3x1+1x5 (–2)x2+4x3 (–2)x1+4x5 6+3 –4 + 12 3+5 –2 + 20 9 8     8 18  Question 4  4 1  − 3 1      5 − 2  3 5  . Simplify Example 4  3 1  2 1      − 2 4  3 5  2x5 + 1 x 3 (2x3+1x1 2x(–4)+1x5) 3x3+1x(4) (–2)x(3)+4x4 (10 + 3) ( 6+1 –6 + 16 ( 13 ) (7 9+4 Question 1 3 ( 2 1)    4 1.Multiplication of corresponding elements 3.Fill in the grid. Multiplication of corresponding elements 3.Example 1 5 ( 2 1)    3 1. Simplify 8. Fill in the grid. Row by column 2.5.

6(b) Solve 2 x + 3 y = −1 4x + 7 y = 5 3  7  . [SPM 2003] 3 −2 1 0 1(a) M ( )=( ).1.[SPM 2006]  1 2 4(a)  1 n  is the inverse   2   3 − 4  .find n matrix of  −1 2  4(b) solve 3u – 4v = –5 –u + 2v = 2 5. is  k  m 2  Find k and m.   3(b) Solve 2x – 5y = –17 x + 3y = 8 6. [ SPM 2008 ] 2 6(a) inverse matrix of  4 1  7 − 3 . find k and h. − 4 5(b) Solve  −5 − 2 1 0 =  − 4   0 1  2  x   1    =   3  y   2  3. [SPM 2007 ] 5(a) 1  − 4 2  n   m  − 5 3  5 Find m and n. 5 −4 0 1 Find M 1(b)Solve 3x–2y=7 5x–4y =9 2. [SPM 2005 ] 3(a)  2 − 5  3  P =  1   3 h   −1 2 Q = k  1 0 PQ =  0 1  . [SPM 2004] 3 − 4  =m 2(a) Inverse  5 − 6 − 6 p   − 5 3 2(b)Solve 3x – 4y = – 1 5x – 6y = 2 4.

Matrices 1. Find Matrices N − 4 1 1 0  N =   (a)   5 2 0 1  5 − 3 1 0  N =   (b)   4 − 2 0 1  6 − 3 1 0  N =   (c)   − 2 − 2 0 1  − 5 7  1 0  =   (d) N   2 − 3  0 1  6  1 0  8  =   (e) N   − 3 − 2  0 1 7 4  1 0  =   (f) N   2 − 1  0 1  (d) Inverse of 2  3  2 1     5 − 3 (b) Inverse of 3 − 2   5 1  . Inverse matrices 8 (a) Inverse of  7 (c) Inverse of − 4 1    − 6 2  −1 − 3  (e) Inverse of   − 2 − 4 (f) Inverse of − 9 4     2 − 1 2.

(a) 4x + 3y = 7 3x – 5y = –2 (b) 5x – 2y = 7 x – 5y = 6  3 2  x   7    =   (c)   7 3  y   8  2  x   4   5   =   (d)   − 3 − 1 y   − 3   − 1 − 3  (e) F =  3  4  x   − 8 F   =    y  5  4 1   (f) F =   1 − 3  x  10  F   =    y  9  .3. Solve the following silmultaneous equation with matices method.