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•To setup an autonomous Ground Station at ACE • To retrieve TEC data operating on 437 MHz and 145 MHz •To receive Satellite Beacon on 145 MHz using VHF receiver. •To receive Satellite Telemetry data on 437Mhz using OOK UHF receiver •To log and analyze the data received •Student Outreach Program .

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Our Ground-Station consists of 3 main parts: 1) Antenna Array 2) Rotor Mechanism 3) Processing Circuit .

Better sensitivity 3. Better directivity 2.DESIGN: • Parameters obtained from 4nec2 software. • 5 elements Yagi-Uda was selected for: 1. Low Bandwidth . • Design was for 5 element 145 MHz Yagi-Uda antenna is shown.

• Values had to be rounded up to achievable margin and the resultant design was again simulated on the software. • Best possible parameters were selected based upon their practicality as well as fulfillment of specified criterion. .FABRICATION: • Antenna parameters obtained from NEC aren’t always practically realisable.

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this value has to divided by velocity factor of the medium so as to account for different velocity of signal in different medium. • Practically. • It is used for impedance matching. . • Length of balun is 1\4th of wavelength.• Balun is also known as Quarter Wave Transformer.

• The distance between the folds of the dipoles have to be maintained. • For 145 MHz a 2 cm diameter wrought iron former was used. • Both these formers were customized in the ACE workshop. a 7mm thick mild steel former was used. .• Plane of polarization should be maintained while folding dipoles. • For 437MHZ.

9 dB/100m at 437 MHz RG 214 • Attenuation  8.57 dB/100m at 145 MHz  15.LMR 400 • Attenuation:  5 dB/100m at 145 MHz  8.95 dB/100m at 437 MHz • Max Operating temperature: 85 ˚C • Cost: INR 85/m • Max Operating Temperature: 75 ˚C • Cost: INR 500/m .

strength of signal being received & weight of antenna setup. Dynamic Az/El tracking is a necessity for precision in readings and to avoid errors.  Though designing a rotor system is an option but you will need to take care of 4-Crossed Yagi-Uda Rotator Setup many factors  Water Proofing Motor framing  Options Available  Wiring & Insulation  Yaesu G5500  Wind load Considerations  Hygain  Most importantly  Kenpro ACCURACY!! .  Manual tracking is not practical given the short Satellite pass duration .

(200 kg) or less •Rotation Time (Non Loaded) :Elevation (180°): 67 sec at 60 Hz Azimuth (360°): 58 sec at 60 Hz •Comes with a controller which helps in interfacing with a PC based tracking software .Specifications •Rotation Range: Elevation: 180°0 Azimuth: 450° •Maximum Vertical Load :Elevation: 30 kg or less Azimuth:.

•Provides efficient control in both Azimuth and Elevation Planes •Compatible with most of the Antenna rotators available •This controller board takes care of all the Talking ! (Interfacing )between the PC –Software (Orbitron/Satscape ) and Antenna rotator(Yaesu G5500) 5 relays (Azimuth and Elevation Control) Left Right Up Down RCI-SE Controller Specifications: •5 Relays •2 x 8 Bit ADCs •LPT Interface Port AUX. . Brake or Speed control.

Delicate . requires ESD protection. . Requires operating license • • • • • • • ADF 7020 Sensitivity upto -118 dBm No inbuilt LNA or BFO VFO is not Field Programmable. External peripheral components required. Rugged and Robust. Field Programmable VFO to offset satellite Doppler shift. Powered by Li-ion battery. No license required.KGUVD1P Sensitivity upto -125 dBm Inbuilt LNA & BFO. Plug and play device.• • • • • • • WOUXUN. Powered by power supply.

WOUXUN KG UVD-1P ADF 7020 .

1.3000Mhz Noise figure.• • • • • • • • Frequency 50.6:1 DC Supply Voltage 5V Supply Current 70mA Operating Temperature -40’C to 85’C .1dB Gain 20.5 dB i/p VSWR 2:1 o/p VSWR 1.

• Polarization Measurement Kit (Phase and Gain Detector) • 2 Inputs from 1 Crossed Yagi • 2 Outputs to be given to µController .

.• • • • • It is industrial grade Trans. It is operational over a frequency band of 405MHz to 470 MHz and is tunable.2 kbps which is much higher than our requirements. It supports packet data transmission. It’s power requirements are low (-118dbm) Signal received at Ground-station would be -110dbm.receiver IC. Maximum bit rate is 156.

(Yeasu G-5500) • Real time Tracking . • 3-D Graphic User Interface • It’s a FREEWARE ! .SATSCAPE: • Inbuilt WISP – DDE protocol to interface with compatible rotor system. • Wide range of satellites which can be tracked. • Built in Voice Alerts.

• Crossed Yagi antenna successfully designed. • Ground-Station Control Room set up. • CC 1020 and AD 8302 ordered and procured. . • Softwares like 4NEC2. Smart RF Studio were studied and used. Solid Works. • Power link budget implemented. fabricated & characterized. Satscape.

25 protocol studied using Slow Scan TV on commercial UHF Band .• AX. • Tracked ISS. • Radio propagation conditions were studied at the control room by setting up VHF/UHF monitoring station. • Radio Telescope was setup to monitor solar radiations. • Morse Code transmission/reception. .

. • Blog: http://acegroundstation.• Blog and Facebook profile was created to reach out to the students & interested people.blogspot.com/ • Facebook Profile Handle: Ace Satellite Ground-Station • Student Interactive Session was conducted.