Expressionism

Power Point By Anna May Paredes

© 2005 Prentice Hall

Expressionism is the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an emotional effect; it is a subjective art form.
Germany ( German Expressionism )

often implies emotional sorrow refers to art that expresses intense emotion
the use of distortion and exaggeration for emotional effect a style of art in which the intention is not to reproduce a subject accurately, but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist...
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Vincent van Gogh
•One of the earliest and most famous examples of Expressionism is Gogh's "The Starry Night."

Edvard Munch

The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists

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"View of Toledo" by El Greco

has been pointed out to bear a particularly striking resemblance to 20th century expressionism. Historically speaking it is however part of the Mannerist movement.

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Abstract Expressionism
Jackson Pollock No. 5, 1948. The painting was done on an 8' x 4' sheet of fiberboard, with thick amounts of brown and yellow paint drizzled on top of it, forming a nestlike appearance.
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In the mid-20th century in which there is no subject at all, but instead pure abstract form (developed into an extremely influential style in the United States). Such works employ random naturalistic methods, with deliberate and intelligent designs and expressions— such that the work is understood to be a creation, and not just an accident.

•Cubi VI (1963), Israel Museum, Jerusalem. •David Smith was one of the most influential American sculptors of the 20th century.

Hans Hofmann The Gate, 1959–1960. Hofmann's presence in New York City and Provincetown as a teacher and as an artist was influential to the development of American painting in the 1930s and 1940s.

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In other arts
Sculpture
-Ernst Barlach
•The Magdeburger Ehrenmal (Cathedral of Magdeburg), which created a large controversy about Barlach's anti-war position

-Erich Heckel
•Portrait of a Man, hand colored woodcut by Erich Heckel, 1919.

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Film
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (original title: Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari) is a 1920 silent film directed by Robert Wiene from a screenplay written by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer. It is one of the earliest, most influential and most artistically acclaimed German Expressionist films.
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Literature
Expressionist poetry also flourished mainly in the Germanspeaking countries. novels of Franz Kafka are often described as expressionist.
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Theatre
Georg Kaiser and Ernst Toller were the most famous playwrights. Expressionist plays often dramatize the spiritual awakening and sufferings of their protagonists. modeled on the episodic presentation of the suffering and death of Jesus in the Stations of the Cross.

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Oskar Kokoschka's
Murderer, The Hope of Women often called the first expressionist drama. In it, an unnamed man and woman struggle for dominance. The Man brands the woman; she stabs and imprisons him. He frees himself and she falls dead at his touch. As the play ends, he slaughters all around him "like mosquitoes."
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Music
sought to express the subconscious, the 'inner necessity' and suffering through their highly dissonant musical language. expressionist composers self-consciously used atonality to free their artform from the traditional tonality.
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Architecture
Expressionist architecture as a side show in the development of functionalism
1914 "Glass Pavilion" of Bruno Taut •prismatic glass dome structure •The structure was a brightly colored landmark at the exhibition, and was constructed using concrete and glass. The concrete structure had inlaid colored glass plates on the facade that acted as mirrors. © 2005 Prentice Hall

Interior staircases and waterfalls

The Einsteinturm or Einstein Tower in Potsdam, Germany an astrophysical observatory in the Albert Einstein Science Park in Potsdam, Germany designed by architect Erich Mendelsohn It is still a working solar observatory today as part of the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam. Light from the telescope is brought down through the shaft to the basement where the instruments and laboratory are located.
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