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CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN DENTISTRY

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

CAREER IN DENTISTRY
Dentistry is a challenging career, with many opportunities for career advancement in various fields. Dental professionals are trained to provide oral health care to individuals. They practise as general dental practitioners and may choose to specialise in a particular field of Dentistry.
A host of career opportunities is available for a dental graduate. One may choose to work with the Ministry of Health, the universities, the armed forces or in private practice. Only in dentistry is medicine, engineering and art closely related.

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

To qualify as a dental surgeon, one must first obtain a basic degree in dentistry from any of the recognised universities, locally or abroad. To practise dentistry in Malaysia one must first register with the Malaysian Dental Council. As of 5th April 2012, it is compulsory to serve the government for 2 years before a dental surgeon can work as a general dental practitioner in private practice.
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Career In Dentistry
Basic Degree (BDS or DDS)

(qualification must recognized by Malaysian Dental Council )

2-year Compulsory Service (from 5 April 2012)

Register with MDC

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE MINISTRY OF HEALTH

PRIVATE SECTOR

DENTAL & TRADE INDUSTRY

MINISTRY OF HIGHER EDUCATION

ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Compulsory Service
Part VII of the Dental Act 1971 enacted for national purpose Imposes the need for every new registrant registered on/after 29 June 2001 to undergo a 3-year mandatory national service in the MOH or in public institution approved by the Director-General of Health Malaysia. At the end of the period, the practitioner is at liberty to opt for practice in the public or private sector.
Minister of Health has reduced the compulsory service period from 3 to 2 years effective 5 April 2012
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2 years in public service continuously in MOH Any other public sector agency approval of DG of Health
ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Training of Graduate Dental Officers


Dental officers are required to undergo a 3-day Induction Course or Kursus Transformasi Minda followed by First-Year Dental Officer (FYDO) programme for a year at respective states. The FYDO Programme involves further training in hospitalbased specialist clinics, non-hospital based specialist clinics and primary care clinics as well as community posting.

AIM
To facilitate the transition from the academic environment to working environment & clinical settings

OBJECTIVES
To expose the officer to holistic & dynamic learning opportunities in the following domains : Clinical skills Communication skills Professionalism Management & Leadership skills To equip the officer with adequate basic administrative skills To familiarise you with the aims, policies and objectives of the Ministry of Health
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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

FYDO Programme
Expected outcome
Have acquired appropriate level of confidence to practice independently in the MOH setting and possess : confident & caring with team spirit good basic managerial, administrative capabilities, communication skills place clinical governance and patient safety and health as central for patient management leadership skills towards better patient and personnel management ability to discharge professional & ethical responsibilities well

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

FYDO Programme Training Structure


State Deputy Director of Health (Dental)
Briefing by State Coordinators Specialist Oral Health Attachment

Hospital - Based

Non-Hospital Based

Attachments for FYDOs


Oral Surgery, Medicine & Pathology (4 months) Paeds Dentistry (1 month) Ortho* (1 month) Perio * (1 month) Resto * ( 1 month) Comm. Dentistry (4 months)

Activities will be recorded in Portfolio of Evidence (Log Book)

Clinical Practice Case Based Discussion Management Practice Primary Care and DPH Practice Reflection of Practice

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Time-Based Promotion
The ministry constantly strives to improve
opportunities for promotion for dental officers. Promotion exercise is based on duration of service. However, the

implementation of promotional matters is


still subject to the terms of services of dental officers, which are: Confirmed in service No disciplinary action Annual Performance Appraisal >85 % Specialist training must be recognised (professionally gazetted under the General Order Chapter F [27 Part (a) and (b)])

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Dental officers may be appointed at grade U41 and receive the following basic monthly salaries and allowances:

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Special Incentives / Allowances


Apart from the fixed allowances, dental officers in the civil service will also receive other incentives according to their grade and post, subject to the conditions stipulated. Off-office hours allowance is paid to dental officers who perform their duties outside normal working hours according to the following rates: Elaun kerja luar waktu bekerja biasa (EKLWBB)
Tugas Atas Panggilan Aktif (Kadar Semalam)
Tugas Atas Panggilan Pasif (Kadar Semalam)
Bayaran Pegawai yang bersedia di rumah dan dipanggil bertugas melebihi 4 jam : (a) RM130.00 (hari bekerja biasa) (b) RM140.00 (hari cuti mingguan/cuti am) Bayaran Pegawai yang bersedia di rumah dan dipanggil bertugas kurang daripada 4 jam atau tidak dipanggil bertugas : (a) RM80.00 (hari bekerja biasa) (b) RM85.00 (hari cuti mingguan/cuti am)
ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Bayaran Pegawai yang bertugas di luar waktu bekerja biasa melebihi 16 jam sehari secara berterusan : (a)RM200.00 (hari bekerja biasa) (b)RM220.00 (cuti mingguan/cuti am)

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Special Incentives / Allowances


The regional incentive payment is made according to the conditions stipulated in Service Circular No. 6/1987, i.e. for officers serving in a new region different from their place of origin.
Elaun Perumahan Wilayah (EPW) layak dibayar kepada : Pegawai yang berasal dari Sabah, Labuan dan Sarawak yang dilantik dan/atau ditempatkan berkhidmat di Semenanjung ; atau Pegawai yang berasal dari Semenanjung yang dilantik dan/atau ditempatkan berkhidmat di Sabah, Labuan atau Sarawak ; atau Pegawai yang berasal dari Sabah yang dilantik dan/atau ditempatkan berkhidmat di Labuan atau Sarawak ; atau Pegawai yang berasal dari Labuan yang dilantik dan/atau ditempatkan berkhidmat di Sabah atau Sarawak ; atau Pegawai yang berasal dari Sarawak yang dilantik dan/atau ditempatkan berkhidmat di Sabah atau Labuan. Kadar EPW adalah mengikut penempatan pegawai
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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

General Dental Practitioners (Grade U41 U54)


The primary duties encompass clinical treatment, prevention and promotion, undergoing and organising in-service training, policy planning and carrying out related research to enhance the quality of dental services in Malaysia. Among the major programmes which directly involve dental officers are the primary oral health, community oral health and dental specialisation programmes. In addition, a dental officer is also responsible for administration and management matters in the clinic and also for the subordinate staff to ensure that every duty is carried out properly. A dental officer should consider pursuing postgraduate training or remain as a general dental practitioner.
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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Career Prospects in MOH


DENTAL OFFICER / IN CHARGE
CLINI C

SENIOR DENTAL OFFICER

DENTAL OFFICER

STAT E

DENTAL OFFICER GRADE U41


(COMPLETED COMPULSORY SERVICE)

STATE DEPUTY DIRECTOR HEALTH (DENTAL) ASSISTANT /PRINCIPAL ASST / DEPUTY DIRECTOR / DIRECTOR / PRINCIPAL DIRECTOR

DISTRIC T

NATIONA L (MOH)

DENTAL SPECIALIST

HOSPITAL BASED NON HOSP-BASED


ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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Possible Roadmap for Dental Officers in MOH


ADVANCED POSTGRADUATE TRAININ G (SCHOLARSHIPS) IN SERVICE TRAINING (LDP) LOCAL & ABROAD AREAS OF SPECIAL INTEREST Ph. D

LEVEL

INTERMEDI ATE

BASIC

FIRST YEAR DENTAL OFFICER ( FYDO) PROG

CLINICAL ATTACHME NTS 1 4 8 > 11

DURATION OF SERVICE ( YEARS )


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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

MOH Requirements for Postgraduate Training


In line with the policy of the MOH to
1 Confirmed in service & completed compulsory service Minimum 3 years service Annual performance appraisal > 85% for last 3 consecutive year
45 years old for postgraduate training or Area of Special Interest and 43 years old for PhD or Doctorate

encourage a learning organisation


and continuous professional
2 3

development as well as to improve the quality of service and produce competent officers, dental officers are given the opportunity to attend specialist and sub-specialist

Sufficient clinical specialty attachments


Professional qualifications an advantage Pass either MFDS/MJDF/M.Orth/ FRACDS Part 1/ FFDRCS(I) / Basic Medical Science etc English an advantage / Pass International English Language Testing System (IELTS) for abroad

postgraduate training locally and


abroad. The basic requirements to pursue postgraduate and specialist courses are:
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Able to secure a place to undergo postgraduate training


ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Additional Conditions for Scholarship Consideration

70%

30%

Way Forward

Annual Performance Appraisal

Interest & Initiative Contribution to the service & countries Attitude / Aptitude General Knowledge

Annual Performance Appraisal

50%

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Interest & Initiative Contribution to the service & countries Attitude / Aptitude General ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH Knowledge

50%

Duration of Post-graduate Training


Ministry of Health Malaysia (Dental Officer Grade U41 / U44 /U48/U52/U54)

POSTGRADUATE TRAINING
DENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH ( 1 + 3 yrs ) CLINICAL SPECIALTIES (3 - 4 years)

1 yr MPH + 3 yrs Doctorate in DPH


- Oral Health Promotion - Primary OH Care - Epidemiology - Health Economics

1 yr MPH + Ph D
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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Dental Specialties in Ministry of Health


HOSPITAL BASED
Oral Surgery Paediatric Dentistry

Oral Medicine & Pathology

Forensic Odontology Special Needs Dentistry

Restorative Dentistry

Periodontology

Oral Radiology Prosthodontic

Orthodontic

Public Health

NON HOSPITAL BASED


ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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List of Recognized Post-graduate Qualifications


SURAT PEKELILING KETUA PENGARAH KESIHATAN MALAYSIA (KPK) BIL. 15/2012: Senarai Ijazah Lanjutan Kepakaran Yang Diiktiraf Oleh Kerajaan Dalam Pelbagai Disiplin Perubatan Dan Pergigian (Semakan Pada Mac 2012)
Oral Surgery Orthodontic Periodontology Paediatric Dentistry Restorative Dentistry Oral Pathology & Oral Medicine Forensic Odontology Special Needs Dentistry Dental Public Health
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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

CODE OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT


APPENDIX 1 Approved Post-Graduate Dental Qualifications

Newly-recognized local post-graduate qualifications February 2013 (not in Circular)


M Resto Dent (Conservative) M Resto Dent (Prosthodontics) M Resto Dent (Periodontics) M OMFS M Paed Dent M DPH DrDPH


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DClinDent (Orthodontics) DClinDent (Periodontics) DClinDent (Paed Dent) DClinDent (OMFS) DClinDent (Resto Dent)
ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

On completion of training
Professional Gazettement

Undergo 6 18 months pregazettement attachment

Process of gazettement General Order Chapter F Para 27 (a) and (b)

Announced in the Federal Government Gazette

Posted as a Specialist at state capital or district

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Research
(clinical, CPGs,
etc)

Training
(officers, auxiliaries)

Administrativ e & clinical governance

Clinical service (core business)


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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

GRED (U, UD, DU, DUG) Utama / Khas 53 dan 54 51 dan 52 47 dan 48

Clinical RM 3,100 RM 2,800 RM 2,500 RM 2,200

DPH (80%) RM 2,480 RM 2,240 RM 2,000 RM 1 ,760

45
43 dan 44 41

RM 2,000
RM 1,900 RM 1,600

RM 1,600
RM 1,520 RM 1,280

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

PRIORITISATION OF SERVICES BY TARGET GROUPS

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

PRESCHOOL PROGRAMME
Encouraging familiarisation Inculcating good oral hygiene habits

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Oral Surgery
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Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology


ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Periodontic
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Orthodontic
ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

Paediatric
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Restorative
ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH

ORAL HEALTH DIVISION MINISTRY OF HEALTH


Level 5, Block E10, Parcel E, Precinct 1, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62590 Putrajaya. Tel : 603-88834215 Fax : 603-88886133 Email : ohd@moh.gov.my

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ORAL HEALTH DIVISION, MOH