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IDENTITY VERSUS CONFUSION

Introduction
In our observational research, we will focus on fifth stage that is Identity versus Confusion in Erik Eriksons development stages. This stage happens during adolescence which is the transition from childhood to adulthood. The stage is between 8 to 18 years old. During this period, they explore possibilities and begin to form their own identity based upon the outcome of their explorations. This sense of who they are can be hindered, which results in a sense of confusion about themselves and their role in the world. For example this question; "I dont know what I want to be when I grow up". Our observational research, we are specific the location at Seksyen 16 and Seksyen 17, Shah Alam. We do the observational on student at primary and secondary school. We also do the observational on teenagers who already finish their school.

Literature review
Eriksons (1968) developed the human lifespan that have eight stages of development unfold as people go through. Eriksons theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. For this research, we were observing theory about psychosocial stage 5 which is identity versus identity confusion. During adolescence, children are exploring their independence and developing a sense of self. From this stage, we can see that the child will encounter at this stage of confusion in determining their future. But there are also some people who can determine their future needs by itself. If they succeed in making the right decisions, they will succeed in life, however, for those who still suffer the confusion, their lives will be wobbling a bit and will choose the less accurate results.

Analysis data and discussion

Living against gender


50 45

40
35

30
25

With parents

20
15

With friend

10
5

Female

Male

Most influencing of ambition


8% 2% 4%
Parent Friend Environment

86%

Interesting

Most influencing when do activities


Parent
40 35

Friend

Interesting

Environment

10 3 6 1 Smoking 4 Loitering 1

Most influencing an opinion of sample


6% 4%

30%
Parents Friend Interesting Environment

60%

Do the sample influencing other person?


35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Yes No

The most influence in making something


25 20 15 10 5 0

Parent
Friend Themselves Others

Making decision

State the future

Reference when have any problem or want to get some advice


2% 8% 20%

Parent Friend
70%

Themselves Others

The reason they are nice or not


100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Yes No

Always give trouble to others Always fighting Always scold by others Always help people

Have no discipline problem

Self confident based on pointer result


4%

16%

0-6
7-12 13-18

80%

Pointer score 0-6

Explanations

Lower self confident. On this level, the other opinion is most important to them to take note before they are want to do something. This person also always change their attitude to fulfil others need. Moderate self confident. On this level, their personality always changes. Sometimes the other opinion is an important to them and they will be the based on other opinion. But, sometimes they are just ignoring the other opinion and do what they want. High self confident. The person at this level always thinks that they no need to change. It is because on this level they are feeling that other opinion is not important. They are also do what they want to do.

7-12

13-18

Conclusion

References