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Presented by
Somnath De

Right to Information Act, 2005 it
comes into force on the 12th October
2005 (120th day of enactment on
15th June, 2005). Information
disclosure in India was hitherto
restricted by the
Official Secrets Act 1923 and various
other special laws, which the new RTI
Act now relaxes.

. let others light their candles by it. press releases. data material held in any electronic form and relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force but does not include "file noting" [S. models.” WHAT DOES INFORMATION MEAN? 'Information' as a term has been derived from the Latin words 'Formation' and 'Forma' which means giving shape to something and forming a pattern respectively. papers.2(f)]. reports.“If you have knowledge. advices. samples. opinions. contracts. memos. e-mails. logbooks. documents. orders. Information means any material in any form including records. circulars.

iv. video cassettes or in any other electronic mode or through printouts. and records. floppies. ii. [S. documents.2 (j)]. tapes. extracts or certified copies of documents or records. . Inspect works. Take notes.WHAT DOES RIGHT TO INFORMATION MEAN? It includes the right to - i. Obtain in form of printouts. iii. diskettes. Take certified samples of material.

the Government will ensure that the Act is used actively and effectively .  People have to use the Act for it to be effective  By creating an informed public.WHY PUBLIC AWARENESS?  Right to Information is a Peoples Right.

The right to information forms the crucial underpinning of participatory democracy . The right to information has been recognized as a fundamental human right. which upholds the inherent dignity of all human beings. THE NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF RIGHT TO INFORMATION Knowledge is power and freedom of information is vital to the advancement of knowledge is essential to ensure accountability and good governance. .

the Supreme Court said in the case of Raj Narain vs State of UP. that people cannot speak or express themselves unless they know. are functioning. People are the masters. . CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES IN RESPECT TO RIGHT TO INFORMATION  As early as in 1976. the masters have a right to know how the governments. Supreme Court further said that India is a democracy. These three principles were laid down by the Supreme Court while saying that RTI is a part of our fundamental rights. meant to serve them. In the same case. Therefore.

. being an aspect of the right to free speech and expression which includes the right to receive and collect information. The prerequisite for enjoying this right is knowledge and information.  Therefore. A fully informed citizen will certainly be better equipped for the performance of these duties. Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution guarantees the fundamental rights to free speech and expression. the Right to Information becomes a constitutional right. access to information would assist citizens in fulfilling these obligations.  This will also help the citizens perform their fundamental duties as set out in Article 51A of the Constitution. Thus.

IF RTI IS A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT. Right to Information Act 2005. provides that machinery. how much fees etc. Right to Information Act does not give us any new right. Therefore. . THEN WHY DO WE NEED AN ACT TO GIVE US THIS RIGHT? we need a machinery or a process through which we can exercise this fundamental right. where to apply. It simply lays down the process on how to apply for information. which became effective on 13th October 2005.

The Supreme Court by a generous interpretation of the guarantee of freedom of speech and expression elevated the right to know and the right to information to the status of a fundamental right. on the principle that certain unarticulated rights are immanent and implicit in the enumerated guarantees. . Popularly known as Judges case. In S P Gupta vs. Union of India AIR 1982 SC (149).

Recently in Union of India v. . Association for Democratic Reforms(2002). covers right to get material information with regard to a candidate who is contesting election for a post which is of utmost importance in the democracy. The court held that the freedom of speech and expression includes right to impart and receive information which includes freedom to hold opinions. and therefore.

.  (b) encourage public authorities to participate in the development and organisation of programmes referred to in clause (a) and to undertake such programmes themselves. in particular of disadvantaged communities as to how to exercise the rights contemplated under this Act.PUBLIC AWARENESS AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMMES SECTION.— (a) develop and organise educational programmes to advance the understanding of the public. to the extent of availability of financial and other resources.26 of RTI Act 2005  26. (1) The appropriate Government may.

as the case may be. and (d) train Central Public Information Officers or State Public Information Officers. of public authorities and produce relevant training materials for use by the public authorities themselves.(c) promote timely and effective dissemination of accurate information by public authorities about their activities. .

either in electronic or in print media for making RTI popular among people Develop and organize educational programmes to advance the understanding of the public. SOME OBLIGATION LIES ON THE GOVERNMENT Undertaken many campaign. in particular of disadvantaged communities .

they are - . programmes and schemes. NOW WE DISCUSS ABOUT VARIOUS INSTITUTION IN SPREADING AWARENESS ABOUT RTI ACT 2005 This legislation provides opportunities to Civil Society Organisations(CSOs) to be involved in governance and social transformation processes by using the Act as a weapon to monitor. Now look on the various educational institution have taken major steps in spreading awareness of this act. review and evaluate Government policies.

 The mass awareness campaign in Andhra Pradesh was implemented with the joint efforts of the United Forum for Right to Information (AP) and the Centre for Good Governance. Social Educational and Economical Development Society (SEEDS) . In the year of 2007 Associated with Human Rights Law Network (HRLN).

2006  Again National Campaign for People’s Right to Information (NCPRI) seeks to empower people and to deepen democracy. The Haryana Institute of Public Administration. . through promoting people’s right to information. New Delhi organized a Workshop on Right to Information on 17.11. Gurgaon in association with IC Centre for Governance.

 The department is concerned with primary. . Commissioner/Director of School Education is the Head of the Department of School Education to give information under rule 4(1)(b) of Right to Information Act 2005. secondary and teacher education in Andhra Pradesh.

 DEVELOPING A BASIC PLAN FOR RAISING PUBLIC AWARENESS ON RTI AND THE RTI ACT 2005 (JULY 2005) Identifying Partners  Government Information & Publicity Directorate : to take a lead on disseminating information on RTI to all Departments. .  To ensure quality in Education. Objectives  To provide access to school education to all the children in the age group of 5 – 15 Years.  To enroll all school age children in the Schools.

Housing Societies.  Youth : Cities & Villages via government and local schools (pathshalas. Universities. Municipal Councils. Universities . elders etc.Cooperative Societies etc  Rural : Villages . madrasas). Universities  Urban : Cities . Training Institutes  Senior and Secondary High Schools.Panchayati Raj Institutions: village pradhans.

 TheCentral Information Commission organized the National Convention on Right to Information on completion of one year of its enforcement at Vigyan Bhavan. 2006. New Delhi during October 13 to 15. Journals): Weekly press releases updating on progress. .  RTI in school and university curriculum. Public Education Materials  Print (Newspapers.

Silicon Valley (Asha SV) held a workshop with 72 children from 18 different partner organizations all over Uttarakhand. . Recently in the year of 2008 held a workshop in Uttarakhand. On the 12 and 13th of October 2008 the Mountain Children’s Foundation and Asha for Education.

Pamphlets etc. September 2005)  Organised campaign in many places rural as well as urban area .  Make various workshops ( like District Level Workshops on Right to Information (RTI)Madhya Pradesh.competitions etc.Posters.Curriculum. Articles.debates. WHAT TO DO FOR SPREADING AWARENESS OF RTI ACT 2005 BY THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION AS WELL AS OTHERS INSTITUTIONS  Users Guide.  School.Advertisements.

(. led by an NGOnamed Sandhan )  Right to Information Awareness through Quiz (Quizzing section at RTI India Portal. Organised seminar on RTI Act in many educational institution and also in many other institutions etc. led by an NGOnamed Sandhan )  Making Various Aviyan regarding RTI Act (Madhya Pradesh Suchna Ka Adhikar Abhiyan. The purpose is to bring about awareness and improve the knowledge of the community. Sep 2006 Location: New Delhi) . (like Regional Seminar on Right to Information Jointly organized by MEDIA INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION CENTRE OF INDIA )  Making Various Aviyan regarding RTI Act (Madhya Pradesh Suchna Ka Adhikar Abhiyan.

Now we should think broadly that it is the one of the obligation educational institution as well as Government and other institution and NGO’s in spreading awareness about right to information act-2005 .Lastly we now say that this right is important not only for the exercise of political and civil rights but also social and economic rights. Independent information is also important for the people to make informed choices.

Kalyani. . WestBengal.THANK YOU Somnath De 3rd Year Law Student SKAIL.