 On a scale of 1 to 10, how stressed do you

feel right now?

 On a scale of 1 to 10, how stressed would
you say you normally feel?

 Of the following, which most describes you?
It is not the events that happen to us that
cause us stress, but how we perceive those
events.

How do YOU appraise stress? Take a
moment to reflect

Think about….. Why is it that when a teacher
assigns a paper/project there is different
reactions in the room?
Observe your fellow peers next time for
this…
 1. Daily Stress
That which
we live with on
a day-to-day
basis
 2. Significant
Changes
That is, moving,
divorce, going to
college
 3. Catastrophes
That which takes
us by surprise

Sounds?

In fact, research demonstrates that people
suffer more over small events that large
events.

WHY? WHY? WHY? WHY?
 Because they are
often cumulative
AND ongoing

 Think about
stresses in your life
– e.g., bill. Just
when you start to
get ahead, you are
hit with another bill
Alarm-physiological
arousal occurs


Resistance-
physiological arousal
stabilizes


Exhaustion-body begins
to shut down

MY FAMILY PICTURE-> -
>
Frustration and stress can sometimes be
avoided by obtaining coping skills,
however……

Most people HATE change, even if their current
situation is horrible – it seems that we
sometimes are so afraid of change because of
the UNKNOWN!!

It appears that a small amount of stress is
optimal for task completion and awareness,
but at a certain level, it becomes disruptive to
learning or remembering

 Fight-or-flight – sympathetic
system is activated

 Parasympathetic system brings
system back to homeostasis
Burnout – physical,
mental, emotional
exhaustion due to
ongoing emotionally
demanding situations
– like what? Who is
most likely to suffer
from burnout?

Posttraumatic Stress
Disorder (PTSD)

- Strong competitive type
- Impatient/time urgency
- Anger/hostility/cynicism
- Unable to handle other’s mistakes
- Likes to do ALL the work themselves
- Workaholics


Which of these characteristics is most
associated with heart disease?
Having difficulty restraining yourself from
hurrying other’s speech?
Doing more than one thing at a time?
Feeling guilty if you use extra time to relax?
Tending to get involved in a lot of things at
one time?
Racing through yellow lights when you drive?
Needing to win in order to get enjoyment out
of things?
Needing to move, walk and eat rapidly?
Taking on too many responsibilities?
Getting angry when you have to wait on line?
Having an intense desire to better your
position in life and impressing others?
Hostility and competitiveness may undermine
social support from others that might buffer
the effects of stress

Cynicism and impatience might lead to poor
health habits, such as a lack of exercise,
excessive consumption of convenience foods,
or denial of symptoms
You know who you are
too…….

Are you –
Relaxed most of the
time?
Easygoing?
Amicable?
Adaptable?
 Catecholamines-

◦ Epinephrine (adrenaline)-
produced by adrenal
gland

◦ Norepinephrine
(noradrenaline)-produced
in brain stem

◦ Dopamine
Glucocorticoids – when
people are stressed, these
hormones are released
which appear to inhibit the
ability to recall information.

Those of you who have test
anxiety and can’t remember
anything, RELAX, it is the
chemicals!!!! Really, you
need to relax before a test.
If you know that looking
over your notes increases
your anxiety, why do it?
Associated with…..
Colds
Ulcers
Asthma
Headaches
Chronic back pain
Stroke
Heart Disease
AIDS
Depression

Schizophrenia

Bipolar Disorder

Anxiety Disorders

Eating Disorders