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ELF Shielding and its Applications

ELF Shielding and its Applications Muhammad Quisar Lokman KET 110023 Amelia Shafinaz Binti Abu Bakar KET090001

Muhammad Quisar Lokman

KET 110023

Amelia Shafinaz Binti Abu Bakar KET090001

Norsyahirah Binti Aziz

KET110027

Nor Hafidah Binti Md NorinKET090021

O UTLINES

O UTLINES ▪ INTRODUCTION ▪ LITERATURE REVIEW ▪ METHODOLOGY ▪ ANALYSIS REVIEW ▪ CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION LITERATURE REVIEW METHODOLOGY ANALYSIS REVIEW CONCLUSION

INTRO D UCTIO N

INTRO D UCTIO N ▪ Extremely low frequency (ELF) waves are electromagnetic radiation (radio waves) with

Extremely low frequency (ELF) waves are electromagnetic radiation (radio waves) with frequencies from 3 to 30 Hz, and corresponding wavelengths from 100,000 to 10,000 kilometers.

United States Government agencies, such as NASA, describe ELF as non-ionizing radiation

ELF radio waves are generated by lightning and natural disturbances in Earth's magnetic field

Because of the difficulty of building antennas that can radiate such long waves, ELF frequencies have been used in only a very few man-made communication systems.

ELF waves can penetrate seawater, which makes them useful in communication with submarines.

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LITERATURE REVIEW

LITERATURE REVIEW ▪ Exposure to the Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) magnetic radiation can cause health effect

Exposure to the Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) magnetic radiation can cause health effect like cancer, leukemia, changing in human DNA and cell.

ELF also can cause distortion on the electronic devices, image waving on screen computer and data loss in transmission.

Most household appliances and equipment electric field typically do not exceed 500V/m and magnetic fields typically do not exceed 150µT

The Electric and magnetic fields in homes depend on many factors, including the distance from local power lines, the number and type of electrical appliances in use in the home, and the configuration and position of household electrical wiring

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CO NT… ▪ Good application using the ELF , for example communication with submarines because ELF

Good application using the ELF, for example communication with submarines because ELF waves can penetrate seawater.

In the workplace, electric and magnetic field exist around electrical equipment and wiring throughout industry.

Workers whose job it is maintain transmission and distribution line may be exposed to very large electric fields which is 2.5kV/m and magnetic fields in excess 2mT.

Welders can be subjected to magnetic-field exposures as high as 130mT that can cause eye damage.

Office workers are exposed to very much smaller fields when using equipment such as photocopying machines and video display terminals.

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CO NT… ▪ ELF magnetic fields can affect human physiology and behavior at field strength found

ELF magnetic fields can affect human physiology and behavior at field strength found in the home or environment

Two different types of shields can be employed: Planar shield and rectangular shield (Trunking).

Planar shield can be used when shielding against large sources, for example a substation or an affected room inside a building.

Rectangular shields (Trunking) can be used at main electrical distribution system in office building. Main purpose for the trunking is to provide mechanical protection for the enclosed cables.

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CO NT… ▪ Analytical study of an active shielding arrangement to attenuate the 60 Hz magnetic

Analytical study of an active shielding arrangement to attenuate the 60 Hz magnetic fields produced by a transmission line.

When a device operates, it emits other magnetic fields. Some of these external magnetic fields may produce undesirable interference affecting the proper functionality of other electrical devices.

With the increasing use of 60Hz electric loads in the workplace and at home, the amplitude of the surrounding magnetic fields is becoming more intense, thus increasing the concern in regard to the effects of the disturbing magnetic fields.

The author propose three techniques:

(a) use of passive magnetic shielding

(b) use of active magnetic shielding; and

(c) use of passive and active magnetic shielding.

M ETH O D O LO GY

M ETH O D O LO GY ▪ Reading journals ▪ Articles in internet ▪ Read

Reading journals Articles in internet Read from lecture note in Electromagnetic Theory

ANALYSIS REVIEW

ANALYSIS REVIEW ▪ There are two main purpose for studying Extremely Low-Frequency (ELF) magnetic field shielding

There are two main purpose for studying Extremely Low-Frequency (ELF) magnetic field shielding

concern about health effects

interference with the operation of electron beam devices such as Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) monitors

Application ELF shielding

Limiting the magnitude of the magnetic fields in a given area is to (at least partially) surround it.

To reduce the ELF magnetic radiation that cause interference and health effect.

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CO NT… ▪ There are several methods/techniques used by researcher in order to improve Extremely Low

There are several methods/techniques used by researcher in order to improve Extremely Low Frequency Shielding and make it easy to calculate the magntic field. The methods are:

Simple Hybrid Neural Network Attenuation Method

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CO NT… ▪ Neural Network is an innovative method presented for shielded magnetic field level estimation

Neural Network is an innovative method presented for shielded magnetic field level estimation at power frequencies.

Where, they utilized the NN that applied to the cylindrical shields in various shield arrangements.

The utilized NN is capable of predicting the magnetic field value at any distance around the shielded sources during real operation

The NN technique has several advantages over conventional processing methods such as low error level, easy implementation, parallel processing.

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CO NT… ▪ Hybrid method is another method/technique that uses to compute the magnetic field. –

Hybrid method is another method/technique that uses to compute the magnetic field.

It is also a simple efficient hybrid method for calculating the ELF magnetic field

It tested on the several of the material with various thickness and width. Hybrid method is a simple method

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CO NT… ▪ Attenuation method of environmental low-frequency magnetic fields is use to reduce unwanted electromagnetic

Attenuation method of environmental low-frequency magnetic fields is use to reduce unwanted electromagnetic interference on electric and electronic equipment

There is three techniques exists to attenuate the surrounding magnetic fields

Use of passive magnetic shielding Use active magnetic shielding Use of passive and active magnetic shielding

CO NCLUSIO N

CO NCLUSIO N ▪ ELF shielding is to reduce the ELF magnetic radiation that cause interference

ELF shielding is to reduce the ELF magnetic radiation that cause interference and health effect

One of application ELF shielding is limiting the magnitude of the magnetic fields in a given area is to (at least partially) surround it.

In this research, we also described method that use some of researcher in order to improve Extremely Low Frequency Shielding and make it easy to calculate the magnetic field.

Simple Hybrid Neural Network Attenuation