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Overview • Determining and arranging the main points • Providing support for main ideas • Beginning the speech • Ending the speech .

The Introduction • To get the attention and interest of the audience • To reveal the topic of the speech • To establish the credibility of the speaker • To preview the body of the speech .

Stating the importance of your topic. Beginning with an attention getting quotation. Relating the topic to the audience.Getting the Attention and Interest of the Audience 1. • • • • • • . • 7. Startling the audience. 3. Telling a story. Questioning the audience. Arousing the curiosity of the audience. 4. 2. 6. 5.

your listeners will be confused. If you do not. be sure to state clearly the topic of your speech. .Revealing the Topic • In the process of gaining attention.

Establishing Credibility and Goodwill • Credibility is mostly a matter of being qualified to speak on a given topic. . and of being perceived as qualified by your listeners.

Preview statements also serve as smooth transition from beginning to the body of the speech. .Previewing the Body of the Speech • One way to help your listeners sort out your ideas is to tell them at the outset what they should listen for in the speech.

The Body of the Speech • Topic: Philippine theater • Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about pre-colonial theater in the Philippines • Central Idea: The forms and functions of pre-colonial theater of the Philippines were generally related to communal concerns. .

The functions of theater revolved around the individual’s relationship with nature and his community and the latter’s relation with nature and other communities. II.• Main Points: I. . The forms of theater in pre-colonial Philippines consisted of song and movement limitations of natural objects and everyday events which where all members of the community participate.

Problem-Solution Order – divided into main parts. 4. Spatial Order – follow a directional pattern. . Chronological Order – this pattern follows a time sequence. 3. 2. Casual Order – organize main points to show cause and effect relationship.Five Basic Patterns of Organization used frequently by public speakers: 1.

• The second presents a workable solution to the problem. Topical Order – usually fall into topical order which proceeds by dividing the speech into subtopics. .• The first shows the existence and seriousness of a problem. each becomes a main point in the speech. 5.

Methods of Supporting the Main Points • Good speakers are made of strong supporting materials to buttress the speaker’s point of view. • There are several kinds of examples you may want to try: A. Extended examples – are often called illustrations C. Brief examples – also called specific instances B. Hypothetical examples – describe an imaginary situation. .

Be sure to analyze and understand information. . Explain your statistics when you using them since they do not speak for themselves and need to be interpreted. Use statistics to quantify your ideas and give them numerical precision.Statistics • Are often cited to clarify or strengthen a speaker’s points.

• Evaluate them in the light of the following questions:  Are the statistics representative of the population?  How much of the population is sampled?  Are the statistical measures used correctly?  Are the statistics based on a reliable source? .

It is even more important when a topic is controversial. or when the audience is skeptical about the credibility of your ideas.  Expert Testimony Expert is Testimony helpful students who are recognized as experts of their speech topics.Testimonies • Audiences tend to respect the opinions of people who have special knowledge or experience on the topic at hand. .

It conveys the feelings. . knowledge. and insights of people who speak the voice of genuine experience. Peer testimony Is from opinions of people like ourselves.

the central idea. . Your closing statements are your last chance to drive home your ideas. For the ending of your speech. you need to fulfill the following:  Let the audience know you are ending your speech  Reinforce the audience understanding of.The Conclusion Your final remarks should be as impressive as your beginning. or commitment to.

Signaling the End of the Speech To signal this impending close. you may use transitional markers such as • “In conclusion…” • “In closing…” • “My purpose has been…” .

3. Refer to the introduction.Reinforcing the Central Idea 1. Ending with a quotation. 4. Summarizing your speech. . They can even be more effective if they are fused into one. . Making a dramatic statement.All these can be used separately. 2.