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Introduction to Parliament

Parliament

is the supreme legislative body


of the country
The word Parliament is derived from the
Latin word Parliamentum.
Parliament comprises of president and 2
houses
(1) Lok sabha
(2) Rajya sabha
Constitution of India came into force on
26th January 1950
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President of India

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President of India is the head of the


states and Commander-in-chief of the
armed Forces.
Term of office is 5 Years.
President can proclaim an emergency in
the country.
If constitutional Machinary is fail in a
state, so President can assume to
himself all or any functions of the
government of that state.
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Lok sabha

Lok Sabha is the body of representatives of the


people.
Its members are elected every five years by the
adult population of the country who are eligible
to vote.
The minimum age for becoming member of the
Lok sabha is 25 years.
The present membership of Lok sabha is 545 and
the number is divided among different states.
One of the members from the Lok Sabha is
elected as the Speaker of the House

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Rajya sabha
Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of
Parliament.
Maximum members of Rajya sabha are 250.
Members of Rajya Sabha are elected by the
Legislative Assemblies of the various States
Twelve of Rajya Sabha members are
nominated by the President who have
earned distinction in the fields of literature,
art, science and social service.
For becoming a member of the Rajya Sabha,
The members have to be at least 30 years of
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Functions of Parliament

To form or end the Government


To represent the Electorate
To legislate
To hold the government accountable for its
actions
To monitor the expenditure of public funds
To be a forum for debate
To be a forum for the expression of grievances
To call for information

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Speaker of Lok Sabha


The

Speaker is the Presiding Officer of the


Lok Sabha in the Parliament House.
a member belonging to the ruling party is
elected the Speaker.
Speaker represents the full authority of
the House itself.
Speaker is placed very high in the Warrant
of Precedence in our country, standing
next only to the President, the VicePresident and the Prime Minister.
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Power of Speaker

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Speaker presides the sessions of Lok


Sabha.
He/She decides whether bill is a money
bill or a non money bill.
He/She permits the moving of various
kinds of motions and resolutions in
parliament
Speaker decides on the agenda to be
taken up for discussion during the whole
meeting.
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HOW A BILL BECOMES AN ACT


The bill has to pass from 3 stages to
become an act.
(1) First reading
(2) Second reading
(3) Third reading

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First Reading

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1st the bill is introduced in the parliament


Bill is introduced either by a minister or a
private member.
Publication in Gazette
Reference of Bill to Standing Committee

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Second Reading

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Second reading consists of two stages.


The first stage consists of general
discussion on the bill as a whole.
After general discussion,committee is
organized for collecting opinion on bill.
Second stage consists of clause by clause
consideration.
Discussions takes place on each clause of
the Bill and amendments to clauses.
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Contd....

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The amendments become part of the Bill


if they are accepted by a majority of
members present and voting.

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Third Reading

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At this stage debate is confined to


arguments either in support or rejection
of the Bill.
Bill in the other House
Money Bills
Consideration of the Bill at a Joint
Sitting
Assent of the President

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Youth Parliament

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Youth parliament is a programme in which


group discussion and roll playing
techniques can effectively used.
There are foue techniques of youth
parliament to develop skills and attitude
and to deal with the problem of group life
(1)group discussion
(2)sociodrama and roll playing
(3)Use of Sociograms and other Devices
of Sociometry
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Contd
(4) Application of Action Research

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Purpose of Youth
Parliament
To make students understand the
parliamentary procedure.
To train students in the technique of
group discussion
To make students aware of various
problems facing our society and the
country.
To develop in students the quality of
leadership.
To make students consider public issues
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and
form
their
on
them.
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Committees of Parliament
1.Committee on Commerce
2. Committee on Home Affairs
3. Committee on Human Resource
Development
4. Committee on Industry
5. Committee on Science & Technology,
Environment & Forests
6. Committee on Transport, Culture and
Tourism
7. Committee on Agriculture
8. Committee on Information Technology
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Contd
9. Committee on Defence
10. Committee on Energy
11. Committee on External Affairs
12. Committee on Finance
13. Committee on Food, Civil Supplies and
Public Distribution
14. Committee on Labour and Welfare
15. Committee on Petroleum & Chemicals
16. Committee on Railways
17. Committee on Urban and Rural
Development
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By:Group no. 4
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