You are on page 1of 15


Software consists of computer

programs that controls the
functions of computer hardware
Major types of software:
There are two major types of
1-System software
2-Application software

System software:

Manages the hardware resources of

the computer system and function
between the hardware and
application software. System
software includes OS and system
support programs.

Operating system

Operating System (OS): is the

principal component of the system
software of any computing system,
Operating system supervise overall
operations of the computer provide a
user interface between the user and
the hardware.

Device drivers, Utility programs

Device drivers: help the computer

control component peripheral
Utility Programs: are generally used
to support, enhance, or expand
existing programs in a computer

Choosing among application


Commercial software: Copyrighted. If you

don't pay for it, you can be prosecuted.
Public-domain software: Not copyrighted.
You can copy it for free without fear of
Shareware: Copyrighted. Available free, but
you should pay to continue using it.
Freeware: Copyrighted. Available free
Rentalware: Copyrighted. Lease for a fee

Tutorials, Documentation

Tutorials: A tutorial is an instruction

book or program that helps you learn
to use the product by taking you
through a prescribed series of steps

Documentation: is all information that

describes a product to users, including
a user guide or reference manual that
provides a narrative and graphical
description of a program

Reason for having application


to take raw data and manipulate it

into useful file of information. is a
named collection of data or a
program that exists in a computer's
secondary storage, such as hard
disc or cd/dvd

Three well known type of

documentation files are as follows

Document files: Document files are created by word

processing programs and consist of documents ( such as
reports, letter memos)

Worksheet files: Worksheet files are created by

electronic spreadsheets and usually consist of
collections of numerical data such as budgets, sales
forecast, and schedules.

Database files: Database files are created by database

management programs and consist of organized data
that can be analyzed and displayed in various useful
ways. Examples are student names and addresses that
can be displayed according to age, grade-point average,


Importing: Is defined as getting data

from another source and then converting
it into a format compatible with the
program in which you are currently
working people. For example, you might
write a letter in your word processing
program and include in it- that is that is
import- a column of numbers from you
spread sheet program


Exporting is defined as transforming

data into a format that can be
used in another program
and then transmitting it. For
example, you might work up a list
of names and addresses in your
database program, then send itexport it to a document you wrote in
your word processing program

User interface

The user controllable display screen that

allows you to communicate, or interact,
with the computer you can interact with
this display screen using the keys on
your keyboard as well as mouse pointer
usually appears as an arrow, although it
changes shape depending on the
application , using mouse you can drag
an icom from one place to another.


Desktop, Icons, & Menus

Pull-up menu
Pull-down menu
Fly-out menu

Keyboard functions Dialog box

keyboard shortcuts
Keyboard functions Dialog box
keyboard shortcuts
If you press SHIFT+F8 in extended
selection list boxes, you enable extended
selection mode. In this mode, you can use
an arrow key to move a cursor without
changing the selection. You can press
to adjust the selection. To cancel extended
selection mode, press SHIFT+F8 again.
Extended selection mode cancels itself

Key board shortcuts

CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the

CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward
through the tabs)
TAB (Move forward through the options)
SHIFTAB (Move backward through the
ALT+U underlined letter (Perform the
corresponding command or select the
corresponding option)

Key board commands

ENTER (Perform the command for the active

option or button)
SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the
active option is a check box)
Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is
a group of option buttons)
F1 key (Display Help)
F4 key (Display the items in the active list)
BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a
folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog