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Growth and problems of major Industries
1. Iron & steel
2. Cotton textiles
3. Cement
4. Sugar
5. Petroleum

hence .Introduction • Large scale industries play crucial role in the economic development of a country • These industries provide – Employment – Increase per capita productivity of labor – Standard of living improved.

sugar. etc.g. etc – Producers’ goods industries e.• These industries are mainly of two kinds – Consumers’ goods industries e. textile. chemicals. iron and steel. machines. .g.


Introduction • Consumption of iron and steel is an index of industrial development of a country • In India. there are about 741 large and small manufacturing units • China is the largest producer of steel in the world .

there are two types of Steel plants – Integrated steel plants • Includes 9 large steel plants.Development of this industry • The Iron and Steel Industry started in India from ancient times as testified by the iron beam in the Konark Temple in Orissa and the 7 meters high iron pillar near Qutab Minar in Delhi. SAIL set up • In India. • First attempt to manufacture was in South India in 1830 • First factory set up in 1907 by Tatas • 1973. producing soft steel – Mini steel plants • Steel is manufactured from scrap and sponge iron .

– Besides. etc.• Iron ores are found all over the country. 0. . nearly 60 tones of water are required. dolomite. During 2014. India was the fourth largest iron-ore producing country in the world.  • For the production of one tonne of iron and steel. are required. 0.5 tons of iron-ore.5 tones of limestone and 0. nickel.45 tons of coke. generally – 1.5 tones of manganese.

• Growth of this industry: – Tata Steel has a very large productive capacity for finished steel per year. Tata Steel is a multi-national steel maker and has operations in more than 25 countries – Tata Steel is the eleventh largest steel producing company in the world. – Steel Authority of India (SAIL) is the largest public sector steel producing company in India . – Today.

has framed National Steel Policy 2005 to modernize and upgrade steel industry in India – Still India has to import finished steel – Domestic production needs to be increased . Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-81 to 1984-85) and Seventh Five Year Plan (1985-86 to 1989-90) laid emphasis on expansion and increase in production of existing steel plants and setting up of small steel plants in different parts  of the country. – Govt.– The Fifth Five Plan (1974-75 to 1978-79).

Problems of this industry • Scarcity of coal and power • Obsolete machinery and backward technology • Problem of transport • Lack of efficient engineers • High prices • Less utilization of production capacity • Threat from international competition .