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REPUBLIC ACT

9165
COMPREHENSIVE
DANGEROUS
DRUGS ACT OF
2002

REPUBLIC ACT 9165


COMPREHENSIVE DANGEROUS DRUGS ACT OF 2002

Signed June 7, 2002


Published June 19, 2002
Took effect July 4, 2002
PGMA signed RA 9165 on
June 7, 2002 and it took
effect on July 4, 2002.

Re-organization of the Philippine


Drug Enforcement System
Re-organization of

The new Dangerous Drugs


Board (DDB) as the policy and
strategy formulating body.
Creation of

The Philippine Drug


Enforcement Agency
(PDEA) as its
implementing arm.

Philippine Drug Enforcement


Agency

A regular law
enforcement agency.
Implementing arm of the
DDB.
Responsible for efficient
and effective law
enforcement of all
provisions on any
dangerous drug and/or
controlled precursor and
essential chemicals.
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WHAT IS DRUG
A drug is a chemical substance
that brings about physical,
emotional or behavioral change
in a person taking it.
Is any substance other
than food or water that is
intended to be taken or
administered
for
the
purpose
of
altering,
sustaining or controlling
the recipients physical,
mental or emotional state.

WHAT IS DRUG
ABUSE
Drug abuse
is the use of any

substance, licit or
individuals physical,
impairment.

chemical
illicit, resulting to
mental, or social

It may refer to any of the following practices:


Using, without benefit or prescription, useful drugs
which have the capacity to alter the mood or
behavior.
Using drugs and substances for a purpose different from
the one from which the drug has been prescribed.
Using drugs and substances having no legitimate medical

PROFILE OF DRUG USERS


as per DDB (Facility Based) CY 2008
SEX: Ratio of male to female is 9:1
CIVIL STATUS: Single 56.94%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT: High School level 30.62%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed (32.82%)
PLACE OF RESIDENCE: Urban (Specifically NCR)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING: More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Poly drug use

CLASSIFICATION
OF DRUGS

Pharmacological
Classifications of Drugs
STIMULANTS
DEPRESSANTS
HALLUCINOGENS

2. Depressant
also called as downers or barbs
any drug or chemical that decreases the activity
of any bodily function. The term is most often
used to refer to drugs that reduce the activity of
the central nervous system
Ex: Sedatives, Sleeping Pills, Tranquilizers

3. Hallucinogens
Also called psychedelics
First developed as appetite suppressant
Any natural or synthetic psychoactive
drugs that produce marked distortion of
the senses and changes in perception
Ex: MJ, LSD, Ecstasy, Ketamine

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1. Stimulants
Also known as uppers
Any of a group of drugs that excite the
central nervous system. It increase alertness,
alleviate fatigue, reduce hunger and provide
a feeling of well-being.
Ex. Cocaine, Methamphetamine (SHABU)

MOST ABUSED DRUGS

DRUGS OF ABUSE
No. 1
SHABU

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CONTENTS OF SHABU
Ephedrine - (Classified as Dangerous Drugs) Main
ingredient of Shabu causing brain damage
Toluene Chemical used for paints, adhesives, etc.
Acetone Nail cleaner
Lithium Batteries Cancer causing component
Battery Acid Corrosive chemical
Drain Cleaner Liquid Soap
Hydrochloric Acid (Muriatic Acid)
Chloroform Cancer causing solvent

Some terms or remarks heard that would lead to a


suspected user or to positively identify them:
1. Gisingin mo nga ako or May pang gising ba tayo
riyan> the key word is gising (to wake up) SHABU.
2. Score to buy. Pa-biyahe >soliciting contribution to
buy the stuff. PSG Pang-sariling Gamit.
3. Batak pot or jam SHABU with each other
4. Panundot follow-up session due to subsiding effect
5. Tulak, Laktu or Lactogen refers to drug pusher
6. Runner middleman between buyer and pusher
7. Piso refers to a small quantity of SHABU
8. Bato refers to SHABU and others

IMMEDIATE EFFECTS
Produces anxiety, tension, irritability, irrational
behavior, talkativeness, and loss of self- control.
Results in loss of appetite and inability to sleep.
Euphoria, elation.
Can lead to acute psychotic reactions, violent and
destructive behavior and recklessness that may
result in accidents.

Includes chest pain, irregularity of heart beat,


elevated or lowered blood pressure, evidence
of
weight loss, convulsion and death from cardiac
arrest.
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LONG TERM EFFECTS


Prolonged use or even a
single exposure, especially
if
administrated
intravenously, can lead to
manifestations of a full
blown psychosis which is
similar to schizophrenia
characterized
by
the
presence
of
paranoid
delusions, auditory and
visual hallucinations. The

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FACES OF METH
THERESA BAXTER

June 2001

3 years, 5 months later

www.yahoo.com/facesofmeth
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FACES OF METH
PERRY BENNETT

AUGUST 1996

4 YEARS LATER

www.yahoo.com/facesofmeth
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FACES OF METH

JULY 2003

17 MONTHS LATER

JENNIFER LUNDGREN
www.yahoo.com/facesofmeth
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FACES OF METH
JOSEPH HARRIS

DECEMBER 1999

3 MONTHS LATER

www.yahoo.com/facesofmeth
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FACES OF METH

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FACES OF METH

25

FACES OF METH

26

FACES OF METH

27

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BRAIN OF DRUG ABUSER

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Normal Persons
Brain

Drug Users Brain

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CT SCAN COMPARISON OF BRAIN ACTIVITY

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Meth BUGS

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Meth BUGS

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TEETH OF DRUG ABUSER

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Celebrities Who Used


Dangerous Drugs
www.yahoo.com/cnn-news

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GUESS WHO?

Whitney Elizabeth Houston


www.yahoo.com/cnn-news

Born August 9, 1963, she is an American pop and R&B singer, actress, film producer,
record producer, songwriter, and former fashion model. Her crossover success opened
doors for other African Americans, particularly women, to be equally successful in pop
music and showbiz. She has frequently been referred to as "The Voice".
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Whitney Houston

On September 12, 2002 at Malibu, California, the 61 year old actor was
arrested for being under the influence of drugs after his Mercedes-Benz car
was seen swerving on a highway near his home. The movie star pleaded
no contest to driving under the influence of drugs (DUI).

www.yahoo.com/cnn-news
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Nick Nolte
www.yahoo.com/cnn-news

1991 - Los Angeles Film Critics Association: Best Actor, The Prince of Tides
1991 - Golden Globe: Best Actor in a Motion Picture (Drama), The Prince of
Tides
1992 - Chosen as People Magazine's Sexiest Man Alive
1998 - New York Film Critics Circle - Best Actor, Affliction
1998 - National Society of Film Critics - Best Actor, Affliction
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Nick Nolte

She was booked on felony charges of possession of cocaine and


transportation of narcotic - in addition to misdemeanor charges of
driving under the influence (DUI) and driving with a suspended
license.

www.yahoo.com/cnn-news
41

Lindsay
Lohan

Born on July 2, 1986, she is an American actress and pop music singer. Lohan started
in show business as a child fashion model for magazine advertisements and television
commercials.
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Lindsay Lohan

In February 2003, she was arrested in Malibu, California and charged with
possession of heroin while driving with a suspended driver's license

Nicole
Richie
www.yahoo.com/cnn-news
Born
September 21,
1981, she is an
American socialite,
actress,
television personali
ty
, author, model,
and singer. The
daughter of
Lionel Richie, she
is known for her
role in the reality
show
The Simple Life

Nicole Richie

Drugs of Abuse

No. 2
Marijuana
or
Cannabis
Sativa

IMMEDIATE EFFECTS
Hallucinations/illusions
Faster heart beat and pulse
rate
Bloodshot Eye/blurred
vision/Rapid Eye Movement
(REM)
Dry mouth and throat
Forgetfulness/inability to
think
Altered sense of time/
disorientation
Impaired reflexes
coordination and
concentration
Acute panic anxiety reaction
Food-trip & sleepiness (MJ)

LONG TERM EFFECTS


Severe irritation of the nasal
passages that leads to
frequent nose bleeding
Renal damages, heart
disease and strokes
Psychiatric consequences
Gateway drug that may lead
to poly-drug use.

The 21 year old actress was arrested for suspicion of


driving under the influence of alcohol , possession of
marijuana and a controlled substance, and driving
without a valid license on December 27, 2007

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MISCHA BARTON
Born on
January 24,
1986, she is an
award-winning
actress.
Perhaps best
known for her
role as
Marissa Cooper
in the American
television
series The O.C..
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Mischa Barton

Was nabbed in Oklahoma


for
possession
of
marijuana
and
two
controlled
dangerous
substances (Xanax and
sleeping pills) for which he
did
not
have
a
prescription. The blearyeyed actor, 24, posed for
the
below
Oklahoma
County Sheriffs Office
mug shot following a traffic
stop of his buddys car in
September 2004.
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53

Macaulay Culkin

Drugs of Abuse

No. 3

Inhalants

Volatile chemical substances


that contains psycho-active
(mind/mood altering) vapors
producing a state of intoxication.
Ex: Glue and Adhesive Cement /
Rugby / Super Glue / Thinner

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IMMEDIATE EFFECTS

Prone to bleeding and bruises


Loss of memory
Difficulty in learning and seeing things clearly
Loss of bodily control
Cramps, pains and bad cough

LONG TERM EFFECT


Permanent damage to brain, liver and kidneys

WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS
Anxiety, depression and irritability
Aggressive behavior
Dizziness, shaking and nausea
Insomnia

Other Drugs of Abuse


ECSTASY

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SLEEPING PILLS
BENZODIAZEPINES

commonly
known
as
tranquilizers and sleeping pills.
They are classified as short,
medium and long acting. This
relates to the length of the
drug action in the body.
Length of action can also be
influenced by the health of a
persons liver, age and weight.
A.K.A. Valium, Ativan, Nubain,
etc.
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Heath Ledger
Hollywood Actor

www.yahoo.com/cnn-news

died from an overdose of sleeping pills


www.yahoo.com/cnn-news

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Family Problems
Parents who always quarrel in
front of the children.

Irresponsible parents who


dont have time for their
children.

Peer Pressure/Curiosity

BAD Influence by
friends.

Weak Personality, Desire to


Escape From Reality

Lack of self-confidence
and inferiority complex.

COMMON
SIGNS
OF
DRUG ABUSE

Stealing items which can be readily sold for cash (to


support a drug habit)

Changes in Mood depending on the drug taken.


Example: depressed or becoming elated and euphoric.

Association with known drug abusers

Change from normal capabilities


(work habits, efficiency, etc.)

Change in attendance at work or school

Poor physical appearance, including


inattention to dress and personal hygiene

DRUGS WAR

WHY SHOULD WE AVOID


DANGEROUS DRUGS

1
2
3
4

Illegal Prohibited by law (RA 9165)


Health Damages our brain and body
Psycho-social Destroys ones behavior
and causes one to commit crime
Spiritual Against the will of God

Therefore,
drug abuse
is
everybodys

WHICH ONE

RIP
(Death)
NBP
(Prison)
NMH
(Mental Hospital)

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DEAD

Report the User!


Jail the Pusher!

SAY NO TO DRUGS,
Because
Drugs End All

THANK
YOU Towards a Drug-Free
Philippines
VERY
MUCH