This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

GROUP MEMBERS ABDUL SAMI FAIZAN MASOOD HIRA NAZ

DEFINITION

Non parametric test used to analyze the data when it is not normal, and the sample size is small that is n <30 Nonparametric, or distribution free tests are socalled because the assumptions underlying their use are “fewer and weaker than those associated with parametric tests”

RUN TEST

The Runs Test procedure tests whether the order of occurrence of two values of a variable is random. A run is a sequence of like observations. A sample with too many or too few runs suggests that the sample is not random. Examples. Suppose that 20 people are polled to find out if they would purchase a product. The assumed randomness of the sample would be seriously questioned if all 20 people were of the same gender. The runs test can be used to determine if the sample was drawn at random.

**Runs Test Cut Point
**

Cut

Point. Specifies a cut point to dichotomize the variables that you have chosen. You can use either the observed mean, median, or mode, or a specified value as a cut point. Cases with values less than the cut point are assigned to one group, and cases with values greater than or equal to the cut point are assigned to another group.

OBJECTIVE

**To test the randomness of the literacy rate in world 95
**

Ho H1

= data is random

= data is not random Requirement: This test is applied on the scale variable, but some time we can apply it on the ordinal and nominal variable also.

PROCEDURE

**Analyze Nonparametric Runs Cut point (median for scale data
**

ordinal data

mode for mean for

nominal data)

OK

OUTPUT

People who read (%) Test Valuea Cases < Test Value Cases >= Test Value Total Cases Number of Runs Z Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) a. Median 88 53 54 107 53 -.291 .771

INTERPRETATION Sig value 0.771 which is >0.05 means accept null hypothesis and data of literacy in world 95 is random

**GOODNESS OF FIT TEST
**

The One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test procedure compares the observed cumulative distribution function for a variable with a specified theoretical distribution, which may be normal, uniform, Poisson, or exponential. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z is computed from the largest difference (in absolute value) between the observed and theoretical cumulative distribution functions. This goodness-of-fit test tests whether the observations could reasonably have come from the specified distribution.

**GOODNESS OF FIT TEST
**

It is used to determine the parent distribution of the data Requirement: variable should be scale. (not necessarily follow the n greater or less than 30) The sample mean and sample standard deviation are the parameters for a normal distribution, the sample minimum and maximum values define the range of the uniform distribution, the sample mean is the parameter for the Poisson distribution, and the sample mean is the parameter for the exponential distribution.

OBJECTIVE

**To test the fitness of distribution of preference in carpet.
**

Ho

= data follow the fitted (normal, poisson, any other type of distribution in general) H1 = data does not follows the fitted distribution

PROCEDURE

Analyze Nonparametric One sample KS test Select variable Select distribution OK

OUTPUT

DISTRIBUTION Normal Uniform Poisson Exponential SIG VALUE 0.999 1.000 0.281 0.442

INTERPRETATION The distribution of the preference in Carpet is best fitted in uniform distribution

A Non-Parametric Analysis of Productivity: The Case of U.S. and Japanese Manufacturing By JEAN-PAUL CHAVAS AND THOMAS L. Cox*

The objective of this paper is to present a analysis of technology, technical change and productivity in the context of cost minimizing behavior. This analysis provides useful insights on the nature of technology and technical change. First, it allows an empirical investigation of various separabilityhypotheses concerning the production function. Second, non-parametric tests of neutral technical change are presented. Third, nonparametric measures of productivity changes based on the augmentation hypothesis.

I

f the stated inequalities are satisfied for a given set of data, then the corresponding null hypothesis would be accepted. However, if there is evidence against the null hypothesis, that is, if the stated inequalities cannot be satisfied, then it would be useful to have some measure on the strength of the evidence against the null hypothesis. Here, we propose to rely on a goodness-of-fit measure

CONCLUSION

This

paper presents a non-parametric analysis of technology and technical change the context of cost minimizing behavior. The non-parametric results are extended to incorporate output augmenting and input augmenting(biased) technical change. In addition, goodness-of-fit measures are incorporated to allow further evaluation of the evidence against null hypotheses in non-parametric tests

- Contents
- Probability and stochastic models
- S1Jan06Q
- Block 4 MS 51 Unit 1
- 312 Cheat Sheet
- What is a Probability Distribution
- Chapter 5 Notes
- Research Methods Hand Book
- Isi Mtech Qror 04
- Triola Cover&Contents
- Chapter 5E-CRV%20-%20W0.pdf
- Lect 5
- Econ 41 Syllabus
- BS Course Outline 2015 _FT
- Non Parametric Tests
- Jfe September 80
- 14640749408401131
- NA387exam2-07.SOLUTIONS Pmf& Cdf Question
- Reservoir Characterization by Integrating Well Data and Seismic Attributes
- Survey About Bakers Field Inhabitant
- Mpu 1033 Kuliah8
- assi1
- Quantitative Investment Analysis Overview
- Test 1 Notes
- Chapter 9 Assignement
- Sewsankar R w06 QRPSamplingStrategySampleSize
- Qt II (Hy i) & (Hy II)
- Lecture Notes(Introduction to Probability and Statistics)
- The Effect of Training & Component of Harmonic Capacity in Some Physical,Bio-kinematic Variables & Achievement of Long Jump
- Probablility- Chi Square

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd