EXODUS

I. OUTLINE

EXODUS
I. Preparation for Israel¶s Deliverance from Bondage (1 ± 4) II. Israel¶s Deliverance from Bondage (5 - 18) A. Pharaoh¶s Resistance and the Lord¶s
Reassurance (5:1 ± 6:27) B. Plagues on Egypt (6:28 ± 12:36) C. The Exodus from Egypt to Mt. Sinai (12:37 ± 18:27)

EXODUS
III. Covenant at Sinai (19 ± 24) IV. The Tabernacle for Worship (25 ± 40) A. Instructions for the Tabernacle (25 ± 31)
B. The Golden Calf (32 ± 34) C. Tabernacle Construction (35 ± 40)

I. OUTLINE II. THEMES

I. OUTLINE II. THEMES III. ORIGEN OF ISRAEL IN RECENT DEBATE

ISRAEL¶S ORIGINS IN RECENT DEBATE
TWO OPPOSING VIEWS

‡ Historical Maximists ‡ Historical Minimalists

ISRAEL¶S ORIGINS IN RECENT DEBATE
TWO VIEWS

‡ Historical Maximists ‡ Historical Minimalists

THEORIES OF ISRAEL¶S ORIGINS ‡ Conquest Model ‡ Peaceful Migration Theory ‡ Peaceful Revolt ‡ From Legend to Nation

THEORIES OF ISRAEL¶S ORIGINS ‡ Conquest Model ‡ Peaceful Migration Theory ‡ Peaceful Revolt ‡ From Legend to Nation

THEORIES OF ISRAEL¶S ORIGINS ‡ Conquest Model ‡ Peaceful Migration Theory ‡ Peaceful Revolt ‡ From Legend to Nation

THEORIES OF ISRAEL¶S ORIGINS ‡ Conquest Model ‡ Peaceful Migration Theory ‡ Peaceful Revolt ‡ From Legend to Nation

EVIDENCE, ARCHAEOLOGY, & SCIENCE ‡ Is the Bible Reliable? ‡ Does Science prove the Bible wrong? ‡ Does Archaeology prove the Bible right? ‡ Important to remember

EVIDENCE, ARCHAEOLOGY, & SCIENCE ‡ Is the Bible Reliable? ‡ Does Science prove the Bible wrong? ‡ Does Archaeology prove the Bible right? ‡ Important to remember

EVIDENCE, ARCHAEOLOGY, & SCIENCE ‡ Is the Bible Reliable? ‡ Does Science prove the Bible wrong? ‡ Does Archaeology prove the Bible right? ‡ Important to remember

I. OUTLINE II. THEMES III. ORIGEN OF ISRAEL IN RECENT DEBATE IV. COMMENTARY

EXODUS
I. Preparation for Israel¶s Deliverance from Bondage (1 ± 4)

PREPARATION FOR ISRAEL¶S DELIVERANCE FROM BONDAGE 1-4
1:1-22 FULFILLED MULTIPICATION AND FORCED LABOR 1:1-7 Introduction 1:8 Forced Labor & Killing of the Children

Nubian making mud bricks on Elephantine Island

Nubian making mud bricks on Elephantine Island

Form groups of 5 Read out loud the Story of Sargon I ´The Greatµ Pg. 75-76 A man who became ´king of Akkadµ 2334 ² 2279 BC Discuss what is familiar about his story? How do you reconcile his story with what seems familiar to you?

Fishermen on Nile River

BIRTH NARATIVE: AN AUTHENTIC HEBREW STORY IN AN EGYPTIAN CONTEXT
MOSES IN PHARAOH¶S COURT AS A BABY LANGUAGE

BIRTH NARATIVE: AN AUTHENTIC HEBREW STORY IN AN EGYPTIAN CONTEXT
LANGUAGE

am,GOë (Go-me) Translated ³Bulrushes´ or ³Papyrus´ tb;Teä (Te-vath) Translated ³Basket´ tp,z< (Ze-pheth) Translated ´Pitch´ or ³Tar´ @Ws (suph) Translated ³Reeds´ rao*y>h; (Hay oar) Translated ³Nile´ hv,êmo (Mo-sheh) Translated ³Moses´

Nile River with sailboat in Luxor

PREPARATION FOR ISRAEL¶S DELIVERANCE FROM BONDAGE 1-4
1:1-22 FULFILLED MULTIPICATION AND FORCED LABOR 1:1-7 Introduction 1:8 Forced Labor & Killing of the Children 2:1-4:26 PREPARATIONS FOR DELIVERANCE 2:1-10 Preparing a Leader 2:11-15 Moses Kills and Egyptian

Sinuhe of Egypt

Moses

Sinuhe Flees Egypt fearing the Moses flees Egypt fearing Pharaoh¶s death sentence for Pharaoh¶s wrath over events killing the Egyptian official surrounding the assassination of his predecessor, King (Ex. 2:11-15) Amenemhet I. He lives a life as a tent dwelling He lives among the semi nomadic herdsmen of Bedouin in Syria-Canaaan Midian, marrying a daughter where he is taken in by a of the Priest of Midian (Ex. friendly chieftain and married to his eldest 2: 16-22) daughter. At Pharaoh¶s directive, Sinuhe At God¶s instruction, he returns returns to Egypt to stand to Egypt to stand before before his Sovereign. Pharaoh (Ex. 3:10; 4:18-5:1

PREPARATION FOR ISRAELS DELIVERANCE FROM BONDAGE 1-4
1:1-22 FULFILLED MULTIPICATION AND FORCED LABOR 1:1-7 Introduction 1:8 Forced Labor & Killing of the Children 2:1-4:26 PREPARATIONS FOR DELIVERANCE 2:1-10 Preparing a leader 2:11-15 Moses Kills and Egyptian 2:16-26 Moses in Midian with Jethro and Zipporah

ISSAC Outside the land Father Daughters A well Daughters water Fathers Sheep Shepherds gather Test Saves Daughters Sheep Watered Daughters tell of deed Patriarch invited to stay Married Daughter Son¶s born Ge. 24:18 Ge. 24:28 Ge. 24:31 Ge. 24:67 Ge. 25:21 Ge. 24:12 Ge. 24:10 Ge. 24:15 Ge. 24:13 Ge. 24:11 Ge. 24:13

JACOB 29:1 29:5 29:16 29:2 29:9 29:2, 29:8 29:10 29:11 29:12 29:13-14 29:23, 28 29:31 ± 30:23

JUDAH 38:1 38:1 38:2 38:14

MOSES Ex. 2:15 Ex.2:16 Ex.2:16 Ex.2:15 Ex.2:16 Ex.2:17

38:11

Ex.2:17 Ex.2:17 Ex.2:17

38:24 38:26 38:26 38:27-30

Ex.2:18 Ex.2:20-21 Ex.2:21 Ex.2:21

MOSES AT THE BURNING BUSH

MT. HOREB
NIV Exodus 3:1 Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. NIV Exodus 3:12 And God said, "I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you will worship God on this mountain."

: hy<+h.a,( rv<åa] hy<ßh.a,( I AM THAT I AM YAHWEH IS YAHWEH
THE LORD IS THE LORD

EXODUS
I. Preparation for Israel¶s Deliverance from Bondage (1 ± 4) II. Israel¶s Deliverance from Bondage (5 - 18)
A. Pharaoh¶s Resistance and the Lord¶s Reassurance (5:1 ± 6:27)

ISRAEL¶S DELIVERANCE FROM BONDAGE 5-18
5:1-6:27 Pharaoh¶s Resistance and the Lord¶s Reassurance 5:1-23 Bricks without straw

Nubian making mud bricks on Elephantine Island

ISRAEL¶S DELIVERANCE FROM BONDAGE 5-18
5:1-6:27 Pharaoh¶s Resistance and the Lord¶s Reassurance 5:1-23 Bricks without straw 6:1-9 The Lord¶s reassurance of deliverance and Moses¶ calling

EXODUS
I. Preparation for Israel¶s Deliverance from Bondage (1 ± 4) II. Israel¶s Deliverance from Bondage (5 - 18) A. Pharaoh¶s Resistance and the Lord¶s
Reassurance (5:1 ± 6:27) B. Plagues on Egypt (6:28 ± 12:36)

ISRAEL¶S DELIVERANCE FROM BONDAGE 5-18
5:1-6:27 Pharaoh¶s Resistance and the Lord¶s Reassurance 5:1-23 Bricks without straw 6:1-9 The Lord¶s reassurance of deliverance and Moses¶ calling 6:9-7:5 Reminders of Moses¶ lowly origins

ISRAEL¶S DELIVERANCE FROM BONDAGE 5-18
7:6-11:10 Judgment and Salvations through the Plagues 7:6-13 Aarons Rod and The Magicians

AARON¶S ROD AND THE MAGICIAN¶S EX. 7:6-13

The serpent confrontation foreshadows the Lord¶s humiliation of Egypt through the Plagues at the red sea.

AARON¶S ROD & THE MAGICIAN¶S EX. 7:6-13 The serpent confrontation foreshadows the Lord¶s humiliation of Egypt through the Plagues at the red sea. ‡ The Serpent ³swallowed´ the magician¶s serpents in 7:12 ‡ The Lord had used the red sea to ³swallow´ the Egyptian army 15:12

SERPENTS IN EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION

³In the year one of his coronation as king² his majesty saw a dream by night: two serpents, one upon his right, the other upon his left. Then his majesty awoke and found them not. His Majesty said: ³Wherefore has this come to me?´ Then they (The two goddesses) answered him, saying: ³Thine is the southland; take for thyself (also) the northland. The two goddesses (Wadjet and Nekhbat) shine upon thy brow, the land is given to thee, in its length and its breadth. No other divides it with thee.´ (Stele of Tanutamon Dynasty 25)

³The Kas of Unas are behind him; His Hemsut are under his feet; His gods are over him; His uraeusserpents are over his head. The leading snake of Unas is at his forehead, She who perceives the soul (of the enemy), She who excels in the force of fire.´ (Pyramid Text 396).

³³O Red Crown, O Inu, O great One, O Magician, O Fiery Snake! Let there be terror of me like the terror of thee. Let there be fear of me like the fear of thee. Let there be awe of me like the awe of thee. Let me rule a leader of the living. Let me be powerful, a leader of spirits. (Pyramid Text 194-195)

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