ARINC - 629

DATA BUS

GENERAL
DATA BUS ‡ It has no shield, twisted pair of wires. ‡ Data speed ± 2 Mbps ‡ bi-directional ‡ LRU can send data to an ARINC ±629 one at a time ‡ Receive data from data bus to all LRU¶s at the same time.

629 .ARINC .

‡ It has three parts ±Data Bus Cable . ‡ It is a twisted pair of wires with termination resistors at each end.ARINC ± 629 ‡ GENERAL Many LRU¶s can connect to a DATA bus in a single communication loop. ‡ 120 LRUs can use one ARINC 629data bus.Current ± Mode Couplers -Stub Cables Serial interface modules Terminal controllers .

‡ Many LRUs receive data at the same time. . ‡ One LRU may connect to more than one data bus thru separate couplers on each bus. ‡ All data on the bus is available to all the LRUs on that bus. ‡ Communication is bi.directional.ARINC-629 CHARACTERISTICS ‡ Many LRUs send data one at a time in sequence.

‡ Wait and Watch procedure . ‡ A current mode coupler and its terminal (TC & SIM) move data to and from data bus.FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ‡ Each LRU can connect more than one coupler to data bus. ‡ Only one terminal on a bus transmit at a time.

ARINC ± 629 GENERAL .

5. Waterproof housing. Cover with the electronics and the receptacle for the stub cable. Base design for easy installation on panel. 4.CURRENT MODE COUPLER ‡ ‡ 1. 2. PURPOSE ± CONNECTION BETWEEN DATA BUS CABEL AND STUB CABLE CHARACTERISTCS --Two part assembly for fast instillation. Protective wire guide to install the data bus . 3.

Current mode coupler .

‡ It connects as many as 46 current mode couplers. ‡ A current mode coupler and a stub cable attach each LRU terminal to the data bus cable. ‡ It is pair of twisted wires with a termination resistor at each end. ‡ Length ± 180 feet (47.DATA BUS CABLE ‡ It moves data between LRUs. .5 m) in 777.

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‡ Length ± 57 feet for transmit and receive couplers and 75 feet for receive only couplers ‡ It is in airplane wiring bundles.STUB CABLE ‡ It is Bi ± directional data movement between LRU and current mode coupler. ‡ It also supply power from the LRUs to the current mode coupler. two to transmit and two to receive. ‡ It has four wires. .

STUB CABLE .

ARINC ± 629 Message Structure ‡ Data in ARINC. ‡ Each wordstrings has a label word followed by data words. . ‡ A message is a group of wordstrings. ‡ Each message has a special structure ‡ The structure allows the LRUs to select and read the message.629 moves as a messages. ‡ Between each message is terminal gap.

A word string begins with label word A word string has up to 256 data words.Message Structure ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ A message has 31 word strings. Max. . Min. length ± 1 label and no data words. There is a 4 ± bit time gap between each word string. length ± 31 labels with 256 words and 30 times gaps of 4 bits each. There is no gap between words in word string.

PPSSP comes before the PSSP. A 12 . A 3 . It has : 1. The PPSSP PSSP occur prior to 3 bit time hi lo sync pulse.bit time hi to lo sync pulse. A pulse of one half ± bit time.bit label extension field 3.bit label field. 2. A single parity bit 4. .Label Word Structure ‡ ‡ A label word is a 20 ± bit word. called pre ± sync sync pulse (PSSP) comes before the first label word of a message. A 4 .

. A 3 bit time lo hi sync pulse. A 16 bit data field 2.Data Word Structure ‡ ‡ A data word is also a 20 bit word. It has : 1. A single parity bit 3.

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It uses three timers. 1. Synchronization gap (SG) timer Terminal gap (TG) timer ‡ ‡ The timers are part of LRU personality. transmit interval ( TI ) timer 2.Timing Functional Description(General) ‡ ‡ ARINC ± 629 uses a time procedure to prevent accidental signal mixture. . It is used to isolate data messages by each LRU. 3.

The TG begins after the SG is complete and no signal is on the bus. 2. .Timing Functional Description ‡ 1. 5. 3. The TG and SG cannot overlap in time. If a signal comes on the bus before SG completes . Time Interval (TI) It begins the moment the terminal starts to transmit. Synchronization Gap ( GP ) The SG begins when there is no signal on the bus. the SG stops. 3. It has a value larger than the value of the longest TG used on a given bus. When SG completes it stays reset until the LRU transmits again. ‡ 1. 2. 5. ‡ 1. All LRUs have same TI. Terminal GAP (TG ) Each LRU has same a special TG. 6. 4. 4. 2. It starts again when there is no signal on the bus. If there is a signal on the bus before the TG completes . They must occur in sequence. The SG is the same for all LRUs.the TG stops.

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)12 to 14.COMPARISION Parameter Direction speed ARINC 429 One way (Max.)100kbps or (Min. no.of data field Communication loop receivers cable components structure Data transfer mode Termination of data bus Application No B 737 NG Yes B777 . one data field Open loop ARINC 629 Two way 2 mbps Up to 120 no shielded Yes 256 labels.5 kbps Not more than 20 Shielded No One label .