ARINC - 629


DATA BUS ‡ It has no shield, twisted pair of wires. ‡ Data speed ± 2 Mbps ‡ bi-directional ‡ LRU can send data to an ARINC ±629 one at a time ‡ Receive data from data bus to all LRU¶s at the same time.

629 .ARINC .

‡ It has three parts ±Data Bus Cable . ‡ It is a twisted pair of wires with termination resistors at each end.ARINC ± 629 ‡ GENERAL Many LRU¶s can connect to a DATA bus in a single communication loop. ‡ 120 LRUs can use one ARINC 629data bus.Current ± Mode Couplers -Stub Cables Serial interface modules Terminal controllers .

‡ Many LRUs receive data at the same time. . ‡ One LRU may connect to more than one data bus thru separate couplers on each bus. ‡ All data on the bus is available to all the LRUs on that bus. ‡ Communication is bi.directional.ARINC-629 CHARACTERISTICS ‡ Many LRUs send data one at a time in sequence.

‡ Wait and Watch procedure . ‡ A current mode coupler and its terminal (TC & SIM) move data to and from data bus.FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ‡ Each LRU can connect more than one coupler to data bus. ‡ Only one terminal on a bus transmit at a time.


5. Waterproof housing. Cover with the electronics and the receptacle for the stub cable. Base design for easy installation on panel. 4.CURRENT MODE COUPLER ‡ ‡ 1. 2. PURPOSE ± CONNECTION BETWEEN DATA BUS CABEL AND STUB CABLE CHARACTERISTCS --Two part assembly for fast instillation. Protective wire guide to install the data bus . 3.

Current mode coupler .

‡ It connects as many as 46 current mode couplers. ‡ A current mode coupler and a stub cable attach each LRU terminal to the data bus cable. ‡ It is pair of twisted wires with a termination resistor at each end. ‡ Length ± 180 feet (47.DATA BUS CABLE ‡ It moves data between LRUs. .5 m) in 777.


‡ Length ± 57 feet for transmit and receive couplers and 75 feet for receive only couplers ‡ It is in airplane wiring bundles.STUB CABLE ‡ It is Bi ± directional data movement between LRU and current mode coupler. ‡ It also supply power from the LRUs to the current mode coupler. two to transmit and two to receive. ‡ It has four wires. .


ARINC ± 629 Message Structure ‡ Data in ARINC. ‡ Each wordstrings has a label word followed by data words. . ‡ A message is a group of wordstrings. ‡ Each message has a special structure ‡ The structure allows the LRUs to select and read the message.629 moves as a messages. ‡ Between each message is terminal gap.

A word string begins with label word A word string has up to 256 data words.Message Structure ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ A message has 31 word strings. Max. . Min. length ± 1 label and no data words. There is a 4 ± bit time gap between each word string. length ± 31 labels with 256 words and 30 times gaps of 4 bits each. There is no gap between words in word string.

PPSSP comes before the PSSP. A 12 . A 3 . It has : 1. The PPSSP PSSP occur prior to 3 bit time hi lo sync pulse.bit time hi to lo sync pulse. A pulse of one half ± bit time.bit label extension field 3.bit label field. 2. A single parity bit 4. .Label Word Structure ‡ ‡ A label word is a 20 ± bit word. called pre ± sync sync pulse (PSSP) comes before the first label word of a message. A 4 .

. A 3 bit time lo hi sync pulse. A 16 bit data field 2.Data Word Structure ‡ ‡ A data word is also a 20 bit word. It has : 1. A single parity bit 3.


It uses three timers. 1. Synchronization gap (SG) timer Terminal gap (TG) timer ‡ ‡ The timers are part of LRU personality. transmit interval ( TI ) timer 2.Timing Functional Description(General) ‡ ‡ ARINC ± 629 uses a time procedure to prevent accidental signal mixture. . It is used to isolate data messages by each LRU. 3.

The TG begins after the SG is complete and no signal is on the bus. 2. .Timing Functional Description ‡ 1. 5. 3. The TG and SG cannot overlap in time. If a signal comes on the bus before SG completes . Time Interval (TI) It begins the moment the terminal starts to transmit. Synchronization Gap ( GP ) The SG begins when there is no signal on the bus. the SG stops. 3. It has a value larger than the value of the longest TG used on a given bus. When SG completes it stays reset until the LRU transmits again. ‡ 1. 2. 5. ‡ 1. All LRUs have same TI. Terminal GAP (TG ) Each LRU has same a special TG. 6. 4. 4. 2. It starts again when there is no signal on the bus. If there is a signal on the bus before the TG completes . They must occur in sequence. The SG is the same for all LRUs.the TG stops.


)12 to 14.COMPARISION Parameter Direction speed ARINC 429 One way (Max.)100kbps or (Min. no.of data field Communication loop receivers cable components structure Data transfer mode Termination of data bus Application No B 737 NG Yes B777 . one data field Open loop ARINC 629 Two way 2 mbps Up to 120 no shielded Yes 256 labels.5 kbps Not more than 20 Shielded No One label .