Single Degree of Freedom System

There are four cases 1.Undamped free vibration. 2.Damped free vibration 3.Undamped force vibration 4.Damped force vibration

1.Undamped free vibration
or or Using hook¶s law Fa u F=-kx ³k´ is conxtant of proportionality F=-ku___________(1) Aslo we know that F=ma F=mu___________(2) u´=double derivative of displacement (u)

e 2nd order) divided by´ m´ we get ¨ k ¸ u " © ¹ ! u ª m º Auxiliary u u 2  ! s ¨ k © ª m  ¸ ¹ ! º k m u .Compare eq (1) and (2) mu´=-ku mu´+ku=0 This is linear equation of order 2 (i.

or u ! s i ! k i m 1 k i m k i and   m eq ( 2 ) is u ( t ) ! e at ( A cos bt  B sin bt ) a ! 0 and .b ! k m k t  B sin m k t m k t) m u ( t ) ! e ( 0 ) t ( A cos u ( t ) ! A cos k t  B sin m .

we know that k Wn ! Sou ( t )  A cos w n t  B sin w n t p ( A ) derivative w .rt " t " u ( t ) !  A sin w n t  B cos w n t p ( B ) Initial or boundary conditions: u(0)=u and u¶(0)=0 displacement at t =0 velocity at t=0 Putting conditions in eq (A) Put u(0)=u in eq (A) at t=0 .

u ! A0  A ! u Nowputting Puttingthe u ( 0 ) ! uatt ! 0 ineq ( B ) valuesof " A " and " B " ineq ( A ) 0 ! B   B ! 0 u ( t ) ! u cos wnt  0 u ( t ) ! u cos wnt Timeperiod 2T   T ! wn 2T k m   2T k m .

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