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GSM Call Setup

Presented By: Md. Alamgir Bhuyan Level:4 Term:2 CSE


Communication Engineering

GSM Call Setup

AUC

HLR BSC

MS BTS BSC HLR MSC VLR AUC

VMS PrePaid Node IN

EIR

MSC

SMSC

INTERNET

Mobile Station = phone + SIM card Base Transceiver Station Base Station Controller Home Location Register Mobile services Switching Centre Visitor Location Register Authentication Centre Stand-alone or integrated in HLR EIR Equipment Identity Register For blacklisting stolen and unwanted equipment SMSC Short Message Service Support Centre VMS Voice Messaging System PrePaid Node Hosting prepaid service system IN Intelligent Network services PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange

PSTN Fixed network

PSTN
International

PABX

MSC

BSC

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC
Base Station Controller

The call request reaches the BSC from the BTS and is forwarded to MSC. After call is established, the BSC will perform decoding of the call (in typical config.)

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

Checks A number. To whom is A subscriber calling? (Checks B number) Example : A subscriber has GP prepaid.

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

Does the A subscriber have money left on his/her account? When the call is established and on-going onthe subscriber s account is decremented accordingly.

PrePaid Node

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR MSC SMSC


INTERNET

PrePaid IN

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

Where is the B subscriber? MSC interrogates in HLR.


(HLR = Home Location Register)

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

HLR BSC

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

HLR says I am the home of the B subscriber and I know where he/she is right now (i.e. which VLR) Tells this VLR Give me a visitor address for this subscriber (MSRN)

HLR
Home Location Register

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

Hosting MSC/VLR returns B subscriber s assigned MSRN.

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

Thanks for the visitor address! I will send this address to the MSC that requested for it.

HLR
Home Location Register

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

Thank you, HLR! Speech connection is set up towards the MSC/VLR where the B subscriber is residing.

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

Setting up a speech connection towards BSC.

MSC
Mobile Switching Centre

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC will now send a paging signal to all the BTSs that it covers. Coding of speech when call is established.

BSC
Base Station Controller

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

The B subscriber has now many choices:


He/she may answer. He/she may be busy. The mobile (MS) may be forwarded. The mobile may be turned off or outside coverage area. And more...

What happens next depends on the B subscriber s condition and what he/she chooses to do.

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

BSC

HLR

VMS
Voicemail

EIR

PrePaid IN

MSC

SMSC
INTERNET

MSC PSTN
Fixed Network

BSC

PSTN
International

PABX

Thank you!