What is Ladle ?  


Ladle is used to carry the molten metal or liquid metal from one place to another place. Upper dia. 2500mm Lower dia. 2300mm Height 3200mm

Ladle lining has two parts viz. safety lining and working lining.Ladle preparation   It consists of two steps basically that is lining and preheating of Ladle. .

It consists of two types of bricks layer that is high alumina and chrome magnesite.Safety lining     First of all inside part of ladle is covered by 6mm thick asbestos sheet. . Just after asbestos sheet we are putting high alumina brick layer in the ladle whose size is 230x115x40mm. After this we are doing chrome magnesite bricks lining whose size is 230x115x65mm.

. slag zone. And second 240/200x150x100mm. First of all metal zone lining is done two size bricks are used in this lining whose size are 225/200x150x100mm. bottom zone. metal zone. These are of magnesia carbon. It has four parts viz. Total 16 layers are in metal zone. In this way total 480 bricks are used.Working lining     After safety lining we are doing working lining. free zone. Whose one layer contain 30 bricks.

and 248/200x180x100mm(10f3). 240/200x150x100mm(15f2). In this case three sizes of bricks used.     After metal zone lining of slag zone is being done. Slag zone having 6 layers. . The sizes are 225/200x150x100mm (15f2).Contd.230/200x1 80x100mm(10f3).

Car. Sizes are 225/200x150x100mm and 240/200x150x100mm. free zone lining is being done. Free zone having two parts -. . After slag zone lining 5 layers of mag.Contd. HA sizes is 230x115x75x65mm.     After slag zone. Bricks are used.magnesia carbon bricks layer(5layers)& high alumina bricks tiles layer(1layer).

Here we are using floating bottom. . First fixed bottom and second floating bottom. The size used is 225x200x100mm. For this purpose total 95 blocks are used.      After brick lining we are lining bottom zone. The lining of bottom zone is done by two ways.Contd.

C = 6% AL2O3 = 17% .C = 8% Slag zone in repair MGO = 96% R.C = 8% Free zone MGO= 87% R.C = 10% Chemical compositions Slag zone in p.Bottom lining ML2 MGO = 94% R.side 10F3 MGO = 96% R.C = 9% Metal zone MGO = 95% R.C = 9% Slag zone MGO = 97% R.



. In this gap ramming of high alumina 95-H is being done.      After this seating and well block is fitted in the bottom zone. Small gaps remain around bottom lining is filled by 90-S. In seating block porous plug is fitted and in well block ladle nozzle is fitted.Contd. Around seating block and well block the gap is about 50-75mm.

47mm (made by magnesia spinel). . It is divided in two parts. Is 42mm.172mm . The dimensions of this plate is length 332mm. Hole dia. thickness. One plate is fixed on his place which is called fixed plate and second plate which is sliding is called sliding plate. Slide gate is fitted in bottom part of ladle.Slide gate assembly       Slide gate of ladle is an important part. breadth .

Porous plug is fitted in purging block.     Ladle nozzle is fitted in well block.Contd. . Before fitting it is heated in oven . From this purging by argon gas is done inside the ladle. Collector nozzle is last part of slide gate assembly Which is fixed on sliding plate of slide gate system. From this the teeming of LM is done in a uniform way.

These are useful for raising and and maintaining high temperature.QUALITY OF MAGNESIA MAGNESIA HAVE MANY QUALITIES--------1. Heat conductivity of magnesite refracories decreased with the increase in temperature . Electrical conductivity of these refractories is considerable particularly at high temperature of about 1500deg.c . 3. 2.

of magnesite refracories is very high. Magnesia is basic in nature . . 4.CONTD. 5. resistance to the action of basic slags rich in iron oxide and lime. Magnesite refractories have very low resistance to abrasion and are not capable of resisting sudden changes in temperature by disintegrate.

For this reason carbon use in our fce. And ladle bricks.Properties of carbon Carbon has many qualities-----1. Chemical activity :.carbon refracories oxidise and burn when exposed to air on heating. . They are not attacked by slags as they are not generally wetted by melts.

2. 3. . Thermal fatigue resistance -----They have a high reistance to fluctuation in temerature which minimise spalling of the materials.Contd. Cold crushing strength -------Thermal and electrical conductivities of carbon refractories are very high.

A Mortar Chm. Mgo in lining Al2o3 = 90%min. Al2o3 = 95% Al2o3 = 90% Al2o3 = 90% Mgo = 85% Al2o3= 70% Mgo = 40% CR2o3 = 25% . Mortar used = 84%min.Castables Ramming mass 90-s 95-H Whytheat A 90-K Magnesite mortar H. Mag.

High Alumina castables High alumina refractories have gained importance as they can give better service under severe condition than fireclay castables because of their good volume stability.high refracoriness. greater load bearing capacity and resistance to slag attack. . high resistance to thermal shock and creep.

.1mm to 1mm .Two types of nozzlex First ----Grind chemical Sio2 = 20-25% Zro2 = 40-45% Cr2o3 = 15-20% Particle size----.

Second type of nozzlex Joglekar Cr2o3 = 31.6% Fe2o3= 12.8% Sieve analysis 0 0.2% Zro2 = 25. c .5mm Service temperature 1750deg.2% Sio2 = 14.

5% Fe2o3 5% .LADLE LID LINING Fire crete super Type 70% alumina castable Nature of bond Hydraulic Installation method Vibro casting Wate addition 10-11% Service temp. Al2o3 70% Sio2 11. 1450max.

5% 1.0% .5% 2.Lrf delta lining Lc-70 Al2o3 Sio2 Fe2o3 Cao = = = = 70% 17.

Total time of new lining preheating is 10hours.Ladle preheating    After completetion of lining of ladle. Total time of repair lining preheating is 8 hours 30minutes. .it is preheated on burners before use.

Thank You .

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