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Introduction to Transformation Geometry

Introduction to Transformation Geometry

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Published by LaSpina
A review of the algebraic formulas for transformation geometry (line reflections, rotations, translations, and dilation)
A review of the algebraic formulas for transformation geometry (line reflections, rotations, translations, and dilation)

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Published by: LaSpina on Jan 13, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/03/2012

original

 
Welcome to 2006!
A little course philosophy before we jump into the next topic
Is mathematics a creative discipline?Do you need to be creative to be good at math?Does creativity help you or hurt you when you are workingon math problems?What is the difference between an
exercise
and a
 problem
?Spend a few minutes answering these questions onpaper. Put your response in the journal section of younotebook. It might make for a good introduction for your January journal entries.
 
Transformation Geometry
A transformation of the plane can be viewed as afunction.
Definition
: A one-to-one function with the set of allpoints in the plane as the domain and the range is calleda
transformation
.What is a one-to-one function?
A function is one-to-one if the elements of the range arenot repeated. Each element of the range corresponds toonly on element in the domain.For transformations, this means that no two points can getmapped to the same point.The inverse of a One-to-One function is also a function.
 
Let's play...Name that Transformation
(With a little introduction to some new notation)
1. T(
 x 
,
) = (-
 x 
,
)2. R(x,y) = (-
 x 
, -
)3. U(x,y) = (x, -y)4. (
 x 
,
) --> (
,
 x 
)5. (x,y) -> (-
, -
 x 
)6. (x,y) = (3x, 3y)7. R(
 x 
,
) = (
 x 
2
,
)8. S(x,y) = (x+
3
,
)9. T(x,y) = (3, -y)1. r 
y
-
axis
= reflection in the
axis.2. r 
0
= reflection in the origin.3. r 
x
-
axis
= reflection in the x axis.4. r 
y=x
= reflection in line
y=x 
.5. r 
y=-x
=reflection in line
= -
 x 
.6. D
3
= Dilation by a factor of 3.7. Not a transformation!8. T
3,0
= Translation 3 units right.9. Not a transformation!(not 1-to-1)

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