5.1 UNDERSTANDING REFLECTION OF LIGHT
1. Reflection of light on aPlane Mirror Mirror works because it reflects light..The light ray that strikes the surface of the mirror is calledincident ray.The light ray that bounces off from the surface of the mirror is called reflected ray.The normal is a line perpendicular to the mirror surfacewhere the reflection occurs.The angle between the incident ray and the normal is calledthe angle of incidence, iThe angle between the reflected ray and the normal is calledthe angle of reflection, r.2. Laws of Reflection 1. The incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal all lie inthe same plane.2. The angle of incidence, i, is equal to the angle of reflection, r.3. Draw ray diagrams toshow the positioningand characteristics of the image formed by aplane mirror.4. Describe thecharacteristics of theimage formed byreflection of light..1. laterally inverted,2. same size as the object,3. virtual4. upright5. as far behind the mirror as the object is in front of it.Notes:Real image : Image that can be seen on a screenVirtual image : Image that cannot be seen on a screen.