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Report Final2

Report Final2

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Published by Satyajit Rastogi

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Published by: Satyajit Rastogi on May 09, 2013
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05/09/2013

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19
CHAPTER 
 – 
3DESIGNING AND CALCULATIONS
3.1 HEAT SINK DESIGNING:
A heat sink (or heatsink) is an object that absorbs and dissipates heat from another object usingthermal contact (either direct or radiant). Heat sinks are used in a wide range of applicationswhere efficient heat dissipation is required; major examples include refrigeration, heat engines.Fig.9Heat sink functions by efficiently transferring thermal energy ("heat") from an object at hightemperature to an another object at a lower temperature with greater heat capacity. This rapidtransfer of thermal energy quickly brings the first object into thermal equilibrium with thesecond, lowers the temperature of the first object, making the heat sink a cooling device.
 
20
Efficient function of a heat sink relies on rapid transfer of thermal energy from the first object tothe heat sink, and the heat sink to the second object.The most common design of a heat sink is a metal device with many fins. The high thermalconductivity of the metal combined with its large surface area result in the rapid transfer of heatenergy to the surrounding, cooler, air. This cools the heat sink and whatever it is in directthermal contact with. Use of fluids (for example coolants in refrigeration) and thermal interfacematerial (in cooling electronic devices) ensures good transfer of thermal energy to the heat sink.Similarly a fan may improve the transfer of thermal energy from the heat sink to the surrounding.
PERFORMANCE:
Heat sink performance (including free convection, forced convection, liquid cooled, and anycombination thereof) is a function of material, geometry, and overall surface heat transfer coefficient. Generally, forced convection heat sink thermal performance is improved byincreasing the thermal conductivity of the heat sink materials, increasing the surface area and byincreasing the overall area heat transfer coefficient (usually by increase fluid velocity, such asadding fans, pumps, etc.).
 
Heat sink height,H = 0.1m
 
 
Fin width, L = 0.11m
 
 
Fin thickness,
= 1.5×


 
 
Fin length,
= 0.09m
 
 
Heat sink width, W = 0.09m
 
 
 No. of fins,

= 16
 
Volumetric flow rate of heat sink fan = 0.12
/sec =

 Air velocity between , V=


 V =


= 18.93m/s
 
21
Spacing between fins
 b =



 =



 
= 4.4×


m
3.2 DESIGN OF THE COOLING MODULE:
In the table below you can see some Peltier factors for different pairs of metals.
Peltier factors for different metal pairs:
Fe-constantan Cu-Ni Pb-constantanT, K P, mV T, K P, mV T, K P, mV273 13.0 292 8.0 293 8.7299 15.0 328 9.0 383 11.8403 19.0 478 10.3 508 16.0513 26.0 563 8.6 578 18.7593 34.0 613 8.0 633 20.6833 52.0 718 10.0 713 23.4Table-2

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