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Irrigation Pipe Design

Irrigation Pipe Design

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Published by: Vinod on Apr 09, 2009
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05/16/2013

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 Irrigation Systems DesignByAsher Azenkot M.Sc.
Ministry of AgricultureExtension ServiceField ServiceSunday, April 18, 2004
 
Table of content
Water Flow in a Pipe................................................................................................................3Hydrostatic.............................................................................................................................10Pressure Head.........................................................................................................................13Total Head..............................................................................................................................14Energy Head Loss in a Pipe (friction)....................................................................................16Local Head Loss.....................................................................................................................25Lateral Pipe............................................................................................................................26Characteristics of a Lateral Pipe............................................................................................27Calculating the Head Loss Along lateral Pipe.......................................................................29A Lateral Inlet Pressure..........................................................................................................32A Lateral Laid out on a Slope................................................................................................33"The 20% Rule".....................................................................................................................35Three Alternatives in Designing the Irrigation System.........................................................38Design of a Manifold.............................................................................................................47Distribution of pressure head and water in a subplot.............................................................47Design of Irrigation System...................................................................................................502
 
Introduction
The layout of pressure irrigation systems depends mainly on the type of the crop, its value,rotation, soil texture, weather, and cost of the selected system (the cost of an alternativelayout or technology is also taken in account). As a result, there isn’t any simple “menu” thatanyone can follow. It is especially difficult with the selection of a proper irrigation technologyfor use. Countries with different climates may use different irrigation technology and layoutfor the same crop. While the hydraulic principles for selecting proper pipes are common toany type of irrigation system anywhere. This publication deals only with practical methodsfor designing of any pressure irrigation system.
Water Flow in a Pipe
Commercial pipes, which are in used in a pressure irrigation system, are made of differentmaterials. Lately, plastic pipes have become very popular in agriculture. However, there isn’tan agreement between countries with regard to the term which is used to indicate the diameter of the pipe, either mm or inch.
 
The diameter of a commercial pipe is usually defined by:
 
Inche – which indicates the internal diameter, and sometimes the external.
 
mm - which indicates the external diameter.
D 
 
The cross-section area of a pipe is calculated by:
 AR RD
= ==
π π π 
222
244()
 A = internal cross section areaD = internal diameter of a pipe.R = internal radius of a pipe.3

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