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Report on Sky Bus

Report on Sky Bus

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Published by mantusubudhi

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Published by: mantusubudhi on Apr 13, 2009
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04/15/2013

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1.INTRODUCTION:
India is one of the leading developing country in the world community today.But, the main obstacle it is facing is its large population. Now a dayscommunication has been one of the most important aspect where our countryis concentrating to work in, for its development, where mass transportationplays a vital role as we always have to think about moving of a largepopulation in a very denser area. That’s why our Government is planning toimplement the new technologies in mass public transportation.
1.1:
 THE URBAN TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGY FOR THE NEWMILLENIUM
 
The most precious asset in growing urban areas is the land. Allocation toresidential and commercial purposes put heavy pressures on land for public uselike parks and open spaces apart from very important and critical roadways.Hardly 6% to a maximum of 18% of land in cities form roadways. The roadwaysonce laid- almost remain constant – at best- and may effectively reduce byuncontrolled encroachments. The physical constraint of road area beingconstant, as population increases, naturally loads on roads increase.As more and more people from different habitats try to converge on to thecentral business district, the road has no capacity to handle and congestions
 
erupt. Roads take one exactly to the point where one wants to go. But thecapacity is limited in terms of passengers per hour that can be handled. Even if one considers only buses, need to maintain the braking distances between twobuses and the space maintained between them affects speed as well as limits per lane what capacitycan be achieved. When mass transit , that too at higher speed is required, railbased systems only can handle.
1.2: Requirements of an ideal urban transport system
:
Heavy concentrations of residential units coupled with requiredmovement to work places or to market places demand transportation of people.Roads are to cater for the same. But roads have a limitation- the areaavailable remains constant, once the development is completed, and old citiesin particular throw up the problems of mismatch of designed capacity versusthe increasing pressure of populations.Let us examine the various modes of transport that population uses in acity and their capacities and limitations, to evolve requirements of urbantransport solution in a holistic manner.Currently available solutions are either elevated railway or undergroundrailway if mass transportation is required:Elevated railway technically cannot reach truly congested central busyroads where the mass transport is needed. It is also too invasive and mayrequire dislocation of some portions of habitat as well as introduces noisepollution.Underground railway is less invasive on surface but still poses technicallychallenging risks of fires and evacuations. It also has to address concerns for foundations of heritage buildings.If road vehicles are involved, in inter-modal transfers, it becomes weaklink in the chain of transport between walking and railway. Both modes suffer from derailments and capsizing killing commuters.
 
Surface railway is impossible to lay in an existing city. But even to lay thesame in a new development, one should keep in mind what happens after 50years of laying the same. We have living example of our own suburban system.The city remains divided by the corridor and it is an eternal noise polluter in theheart of city day in and day out. Sudden disgorging of heavy loads of commuters at stations create need less congestion on the roads, reducingquality of life. Almost close to 2000 persons die annually- because of trespassing or falling from trains in our present system- whatever be the excuseand justification for accepting the same. In addition vulnerable to minovandalism by urchins, but resulting in grievous injuries like losing sight for thecommuters. Again this mode cannot follow roads, so the weak link of roadvehicles has to be brought in for inter-modaltransfers.Derailments, collisions and capsizing concerns remain with loss of life for allthe above mentioned three systems.The infrastructure created for urban transport is hardly utilized to 30 to 40%capacity because of directional as well as inevitable peaks for limited hours in aday. It has no other use and just idles.
1.3: An ideal solution is one which:
1.follows the existing roads- but does not take road space- and be as flexible as a bus
2.Have rail based mass transit capacity, same as existing railmetro3.Does not divide city while providing integration along itsalignment4.Be derailment and collision proof- with NO CAPSIZING of coaches- sothat there can never be loss of life5.Be free from vandalism6.Noise free and pollution-free7.Non-invasive -requiring the least amount of scarce land space- and notcome in the way of development.

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