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Physical education.docx

Physical education.docx

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Published by: usunom on Jun 20, 2013
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Physical education
(often abbreviated
Phys. Ed.
,
P.E.
, or 
PE
) or  
 (
gym
 or 
gym class
) isan educational course taken during primary and secondary education that encourages psychomotor  learning in a play or movement exploration setting to promotehealth.
14 essential aims and objectives of PhysicalEducation
SURBHI
(i) To develop the organic systems of the body;It is recognized that our feelings, emotions, thoughts and achievements are influenced to aconsiderable extent by the physiological process of the body. The development of the organic vigor isdependent on a wide selection of activities and so conducted that the normal functions of the body are developed and improved.(ii) To develop euro-muscular co-ordination or skill; A good deal of physical activities helps the individuals and groups to develop certain skill, whichgives satisfaction and happiness in a variety of ways during leisure times. Being physically illiteratemany people do not know how to enjoy their leisure and become unhappy and maladjusted.Individual and group play activities enable people to give wholesome expression to their innatedesires and interests,(iii) To develop right attitude towards and physical activities in general;Programme of physical education is based on sound psychological principles. It develops amongstthe individuals wholesome attitudes towards play and physical activities and cultivates recreationaland hobbies.(iv) To develop a desirable social attitudes and conduct; By giving emphasis on ethical valuesinherent in Playing games with and against others the desirable social attitudes and conduct can bedeveloped through a programme of well organized physical activities. It gives opportunity for socialcontact, group living, and self adjustment with the group.(v) Development of psychomotor skills;(vi) Development of understanding and appreciation of the techniques and strategies of sports;(vii) Preparation for leisure time;(viii) Elimination of worries and anxieties through developing appropriate interests and habits of engaging in exercise and sports;(iv) Attainment of knowledge of proper health procedure as related to physical exercise.(x) To develop correct health habits; A rational programme of physical activities can stimulate the participant to develop favorableattitudes and habits in physical, mental, moral, social and emotional health.(xi) To serve as an out let for surplus energy, which if pent up, make the child tens, nervous andirritable.
 
(xii) To meet the challenge of growing indiscipline among the student community by instilling in the younger generation a sense of patriotism, self-reliance and discipline.(xiii) To give adequate scope for bringing out the aptitudes and talents of the child.(xiv) To promote the spirit of certain qualities like sports-man ship, team spirit, leadership, patience,self-restrain co-operation, sociability and those other qualities of character and citizenship.
Benefits of P.E. in School
 
Physical Education Benefits - Broad & Powerful!
Physical education prepares children to be physically and mentally active, fit andhealthy...for life. Here are some of the many benefits children receive from a qualityPE program:
 
Improved physical fitness
 
Skill and motor skills development
 
Provides regular, healthful physical activity
 
Teaches self discipline
 
Facilitates development of student responsibility for health and fitness.
 
Influence moral development, leadership, cooperate with others
 
Stress reduction
 –
an outlet for releasing tension and anxiety
 
Strengthened peer relationships
 
Physical education can improve self-confidence and self-esteem
 
Experience in setting goals
 
Improved academics
Physical fitness
is a general concept defined in many ways by differing scientists. 
 Here two major categories are considered: general fitness (a state of  health and well-being), and specific fitness (a task- oriented definition based on the ability to perform specific aspects of  sports or occupations). Physical fitness is generally achieved through correctnutrition, exercise,hygiene and rest. 
Health
is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living being. In humans,it is the general condition of a person's mind and body, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or  pain (as in "
good health
" or "
healthy 
").
 The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in its broader sense in 1946 as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."
  Although this definition has been subject to controversy, in particular as lacking operationalvalue and because of the problem created by use of the word "complete," it remains the mostenduring.
 Other definitions have been proposed, among which a recent definition that correlateshealth and personal satisfaction.
 Classification systems such as the WHO Family of International Classifications,including the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and theInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD), are commonly used to define and measure the components of health.

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