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ACLU Fact Sheet on Amash Amendment to End NSA Surveillance

ACLU Fact Sheet on Amash Amendment to End NSA Surveillance

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Published by David Moon
This fact sheet by the ACLU explains the "Amash Amendment" to curtail the NSA's mass surveillance of Americans.
This fact sheet by the ACLU explains the "Amash Amendment" to curtail the NSA's mass surveillance of Americans.

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Published by: David Moon on Jul 24, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/29/2013

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M
YTHS AND
F
ACTS
A
BOUT
S
ECTION
215
 
D
OMESTIC
C
ALL
T
RACKING
 V
OTE
“Y
ES
ON
A
MASH
-C
ONYERS
A
MENDMENT TO THE
D
EFENSE
A
PPROPRIATIONS
B
ILL
 (A
MENDMENT
101)Myth: Section 215 Domestic Call Tracking Is Targeted
 
Facts:
 
The NSA’s domestic call tracking program is not limited to terrorists or those associatedwith foreign powers. Under this program, the NSA collects ―on an ongoing daily basis‖ the
records of every call made in the United States, even those made by everyday Americans. Asmany have noted, this surveillance program is breathtaking in its scope. It is as if the government
had seized every American’s address book— 
with annotations detailing which contacts she spoketo, when she spoke with them, and for how long. Members of the congressional intelligencecommittees have confirmed that the recently disclosed FISA Court order is part of a broader  program under which the government has been collecting the telephone records of essentially allAmericans for at least seven years.
Myth: The Section 215 Domestic Call Tracking Database Is Examined SparinglyFacts:
. The executive branch has emphasized that the phone-record database was only
‖queried‖
 300 times in 2012, yet these searches of the domestic call tracking database could implicatemillions of Americans. Congressional testimony by intelligence officials indicates that thesesearches are not limited to queries focused on a single person or phone number. Instead, NSAanalysts may examine the calling information of individuals within three
―hops‖
from the initialtarget
 —that is, within three degrees of separation. Because a person’s web of contacts expands
exponentially with each hop, one query could ultimately encompass the phone records of millions of Americans. For instance, if each person had only 50 telephone contacts, applying thisthree-hop analysis to just one individual could pull up phone records concerning more than125,000 people. The 300 searches conducted in 2012 then could have yielded information onover 37 million people.
Myth: Section 215 Domestic Call Tracking Is Uniquely ImportantFacts:
The intelligence community has many other tools at its disposal to get the phone-call dataor other records it needs. For one, the FBI could tailor its collection of telephone records under Section 215 to a target of a foreign intelligence investigation, rather than simply demanding therecords of all domestic telephone calls en masse. If someone is suspected of ties to terrorism, thegovernment could obtain a FISA warrant, a traditional criminal warrant, a pen register order, anational security letter or a subpoena. Stopping the bulk collection program under Section 215does NOT stop the government from spying on terrorists
 – 
only from spying on Americans.

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