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Portland Police Brutality SUSAN DUNIWAY DOC

Portland Police Brutality SUSAN DUNIWAY DOC

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Published by: mary eng on Aug 05, 2013
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08/05/2013

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U_sefforlgStandar.dsorpSeceOf$cersDiby:Susan uo.*^y,4r"rf$tCounrf ttomey
IntroductionT'bis tttelligencerie,fddresset;heegalstandardspplied y thecourtsnuseof forceclairnsbroughty ment.irllyremotionallyisturbedhreats gainstaw enforcementr correctionseputies.Duringlie ast(,wyearshe courtshavebecornencreasinglyoncemed boutawenforcementndconectionsffict,:rssingor,:e ocontrol heactions f emotionallynclmentallyisturbedrresteesand-nmates,Althoughhecr:uftsavenotyetmandatedhat awenforcementgenciesmplementdifferentseof li;rcepolicier;ordealingwithmentallyll arresteesr nmateshanhepoliciessed orde-alingenerallyith arrest,:resr inmates,hecourtsavendicatedhathementdlstatef the hreatsoneof thsactorshatmust reconsiderednder totalityftlie circumstancesest,Forpurposesf thismenlo,lueatsavebeen ategorized),thleetagesn thecriminalusticepr{)cessachfwhichcarriesitsownrespectil'r:onstitutionalights:l)thehleatonhestreetn anarrestiruation,2)hehreatncustody ost-anest,utpre-a.r:raignment,and3)thelueatost-an'aignrnent,itherpre-or ostconviction.Gene,r6lly,hesaLmeegalstandardppliesn hestreet ndduringpost-arrest,re-anaignmentustody,hats, awfulorce sthatorcewhich sobjectivelyeasonablel'om hepeaceofficer'sperspectivet the ime heorces use<l.In thepost-arraignmenttage,awfulorce sthatforcehal.oesn<sliockheconsciencendsnot rnaliciousr sadistic, ut rathersused nagoodfaitheffortoma;rintainrderanclestoreiscipline.Receirt 0urtdecisionsmake t clearliatone bctoraffectinghe courts'decisionsegardingwhetherheuseofforces otrjectivelyeasonableswhetherhepeacefficerkneworshouldhaveknolvnhathehreatwasnentallyr emotionallyisturbedt he irne heorcewasused ndwhethernlightr:1'thatnowledge,hepeacefficershould aveakendifferentactions.In theNinthCircuit,thecourlcouldind thatan emotionaliyisturbederson'seveloflesistanceightbefter emetwithcounselrng,hanwithphysicalontrolactics. -Iowever,hementaland/orernotionaltate fthehreatas essignificancencases rising ost-arraignmentithpre-sentencer convictednmates.
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ArraisnmentTileNintirCircuithasnot adoptedperseuleestablishingwo differentlassificationsfsuspects:entall'/isabledersonsndseriousriminals, orhasheNinthClircuit doptedrequirementort\v'oifferentuseof forcepoliciesor hosewo classifications.nstead,heNinthCircuitasmphatzedhat v,[teretis or shoulde apparentothe officershathe ndividualinvolvedn artsefforce s r:nentallyr emotionallyisturbecfhe hreat'smentalor emotionaltatesafactorhatntustb':considered.n determining'rxthe.reasonablenessf theorceemployed."Emphasisadded)eorle. t\utherfdyd,'272F.3dZ7Z,l2B39thCir.2001).TheCourteasonedtratwhilepliysicalontrolactics anbesuccessfullysed nsubduingcriminalhreats,e,motionallyisfurbedhreatsmightbecomemoreagitatediththeuseof those ametactic;s:
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Page2rlJsef force:.EmotionailyrMentalryDisturbedtu.eats'l'heproblem.sosedy,andhusheacticsobe employedgainst,nunamted,rrrotionallyistraughtndividualwlro screatingdisrurbun..crresistingnestareordinariiyifferentrorn hosenvolvedn law,tlnforcementffortsosubduenarmednddangerousriminalwho hasrocentlyommittedseriousffense.ntheormernstance,ncreasingtlteuseof forcemay,nsomeircumstancesteast, xacerbatehesriuation;ndreatter,aheightenedseofless-than-lethalorc;eillttliuallyehelpfulnbringingdangerousituationo aswift end.n thecrseof mentrillynbalancedersons,heuseofofficersandothersrainedirrhe.art_ofc,ounseiingsordinarilydvisable,hereeasible,ndmaylriovide hebestmeansf endingcrisis.citationomifted)Deorle,272F'3c:lt 1282-1283.heref,rre,singphysicalontrolonanernotionaliyisfurbedersonwhpsdisplafrL,r;tatic,active,orontinousevJsoiresistanceinaforcecontinuum)withoutanimminenthreat :fphysicalharrnaybeunreasonable.oreover,heDeorlecasendicateshatpeaceofficershouldi.theraves'omekillscevelopedordealingithmentallynde,notionattyistur-bedthreats,therharrheuseof'physicalrlntrolactics,rshouldaveeadyccesso persons,.g.,counselors,hoohaveuchkills.Of course,,hereasplitsecondecisionmustbemadelueo a hreat osedbyanemotionallydisturbedersont,henormaluseof f<rroeefensiveactics reappropriateegardiessf the l:reat,smentalremotioalstability'.ttvillbeheheatrnentftheemolionuilyistu-rbedersony thepeaceofficerpriorot):re ointw}rernhehreat osesn mminenthreatfphysicalarmwhichmayeadacourtoquestiorrhethert waseasonableouse orceor ftheactions.iakenythepeacefficerprovokedheerrL'r,ltionallyisn"rrbedersonherebyscalatinghesituationn,ipr,rvoi<i'gviolentepisode.ThesameSjectivelyeasonabletanclardhatappiiesuringanarrest,ppliesnsideheail9:Tg^tl.lost-amest,_-pre-anaignmenttagef custody.;ercev. Multnomaiiunty,76 F.3d1032,1042.(9'"ir' l9!,16).heFor:rthAmenclmentrotectiongainsteiruethatbegils*iti,*ninitiaistopcontinuesntiltbedetaineeeceivesudiciaideterminationnprobable"uur"lJustasncircumstancesotthestreet, no'winghathe breats emotionallyisturbedunmakeapeacefficeraccountableorlravlngreated[atrernotionalityistrubedlreat]asa dangerousrisoneratherhana sickone."Gibsonv.CountyfWas'tioe,290F,:id1175,1198gtl'Cir.2002),s withstreetncounters,ounsappearoexpe)cttactical:iifferencenLheevelofforceappliedoanemotionallyisturbeciLeatinp&ranest,pre-anailynnentusf9rJy.
ional
turbedPost-arrnent:Pre-sentConvicmatesAuseofflr>rcethatsh.cckstlreconscienceis..condu.ti@'thutcamotbeustifie,,Jy anygo'r'emmentnterest**"basedn heotalityofthecircumstancesthetime'Countyf{i,tcramento.Lewis,523U.S.833,8491986).woexcessiveorcelaimshatexistnaailseftingreaFourteenthmendmentubstantiveueprocrrsclaimbypre-triaidetainees,ndanEighthAmendmt:,ntruelandunusualunishmentlaimby nmates.heegalstandardorbothclaimsis ashocks-the-ccsciencetandard.heegaligrrificancefthementalr emotionaltatef apost-anaignmenteta:ilieeslessenedy he government'strongnterestnailsecuriry,.

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