Schizophrenia Case Study
is an extremely complex mental disorder: in fact it is probably many illnessesmasquerading as one. A biochemical imbalance in the brain is believed to cause symptoms.Recent research reveals that schizophrenia may be a result of faulty neuronal development in thefetal brain, which develops into full-blown illness in late adolescence or early adulthood.Schizophrenia causes distorted and bizarre thoughts, perceptions, emotions, movement, and behavior. It cannot be defined as a single illness; rather thought as a syndrome or disease processwith many different varieties and symptoms. It is usually diagnosed in late adolescence or earlyadulthood. Rarely does it manifest in childhood. The peak incidence of onset is 15 to 25 years of age for men and 25 to 35 years of age for women.The
symptoms of schizophrenia
are categorized into two major categories,
the positive orhard symptoms
which include delusion, hallucinations, and grossly disorganized thinking,speech, and behavior, and
negative or soft symptoms
as flat affect, lack of volition, and socialwithdrawal or discomfort. Medication treatment can control the positive symptoms butfrequently the negative symptoms persist after positive symptoms have abated. The persistenceof these negative symptoms over time presents a major barrier to recovery and improved thefunctioning of client’s daily life.
TYPES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA:
The diagnosis is made according to the client’s predominant symptoms:
is characterized by persecutory (feeling victimized or spied on) or grandiose delusions,
, and occasionally, excessivelyreligiosity (delusional focus) or hostile and aggressive behavior.
is characterized by grossly inappropriate or flat affect,incoherence, loose associations, and extremely disorganized behavior.
is characterized by marked psychomotor disturbance,either motionless or excessive motor activity. Motor immobility may be manifested bycatalepsy (
) or stupor.
is characterized by mixed schizophrenic symptoms(of other types) along with disturbances of thought, affect, and behavior.
Schizophrenia, residual type is characterized by at least one previous, though not acurrent, episode, social withdrawal, flat affect and looseness of associations.
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY:Structure and function of the nervous systemI.