Chapter 5ERP Implementation Lifecycle
Like any other project, the ERP implementation project also has to go through different phases. There are no clear separating lines between these phases and in many cases, one phase will start before the previous one is completed.But the logical order is followed. For example, in some cases, the organization mighthave already identified a particular package; then the pre-selection screening and packageevaluation phases are not done.
The different phases of the ERP implementation are given below:
1)Pre-evaluation Screening2)Package Evaluation3)Project Planning Phase4)Gap Analysis5)Reengineering6)Configuration7)Implementation Team Training8)Testing9)Going Live10)End-user Training11)Post-implementationAlthough these phases may seem very linear and distinct from each other, in reality,throughout an actual implementation, the phases are in fact quite fluid. In many cases,companies go through many implementations-in different business units, differentmodules, or manufacturing location.So at any given time, more than one of the phases may be operational.Some companies opt for the one and only ‘Big Bang’, while other companies favour sequential rollouts-each company has different needs. But whether it is the ‘Big Bang’method or sequential rollout, the lifestyle phases are the same.
1. Pre-Evaluation Screening:
Once the company has decided to go for the ERP system, the search for the perfect package starts. But there are hundreds of the ERP vendors-of all sizes and shapes-allclaiming to have the solution that is ideal for the company. Analyzing all the packages before reaching a decision is not a viable solution. It is also a very time consuming process.So it is better to limit the number of packages that are valuated to less than five. It isalways better to do a thorough and detailed evaluation of a small number of packages,than doing a superficial analysis of dozens of packages.
By: M H Lakdawala