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Lesson 16

Lesson 16

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Published by: wanzsri on Sep 04, 2009
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Lesson Sixteen: The Six Types of Verb Form I 
PRINCIPLE ONE
Lesson Three 
illustrated
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
as a model pattern for the active voice of the
 past tense verb 
. This is only one of several possible patterns. Some patternsinvolve voweling the base letters alone while others involve adding designated non-base letters.
35
Patterns containing the base letters alone(i.e., without additional letters) are classified as
verb form I 
. The active voice of the
 past tense 
of 
verb form I 
has three possible voweling patterns:1)
 
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
 2)
 
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
 3)
 
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
 Note that the
 f 
ā 
’ 
 
ﻑ
 
 ) and
ā 
ﻝ
 
 ) positions are always voweled with a
 fathah 
َ
); however, the voweling of the ‘
ain 
 
ﻉ
 
 ) position varies.
PRINCIPLE TWO
 A given three-letter base, with rare exception, uses only one of thesethree
 form I 
active voice
 past tense 
patterns. For example, the base letters
ﺱ
-
ﻡ
-
ﻉ
to hear 
 ) use the pattern
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
to form
ﻊﻤﺳ
he heard 
 ). On the otherhand, the base letters
ﻙ
-
ﺭ
-
ﻡ
to be noble 
 ) use the pattern
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
to form
ﻡﺮﹶﻛ 
 
he was noble 
 ). The particular pattern used by any given set of base lettersmust be memorized.
PRINCIPLE THREE
 The passive voice of the
 past tense 
of 
verb form I 
always uses the pattern
ﹶﻞﻌﹸﻓ
. This pattern was covered in
Lesson Three.
 
35
 
 Verb forms that involve the addition of non-base letters are not covered in this volume.
 
FUNDAMENTALS OF CLASSICAL ARABIC
76
PRINCIPLE FOUR 
 All patterns of the
 past tense verb 
, whether active or passive voice, areconjugated using the suffixes illustrated in
Lesson Three 
table 3.2 
 )
.
 Whenconjugating each of the three active voice
 past 
 
tense 
patterns of 
verb form I 
,the ‘
ain 
 
ﻉ
 
 ) position retains its particular voweling ( 
table 16.1
 ).
PRINCIPLE FIVE
Lesson 
 
Four 
illustrated
ﹸﻞﻌﹾﻔﻳ 
as a model pattern for the active voice of the
 present tense verb 
. This is only one of several possible patterns. The
 present tense 
always begins with one of the following four letters:
hamz 
ā 
’ 
ﺃ
),
ā 
’ 
ﺕ
),
ā 
’ 
ﻱ
 ), and
ū 
ﻥ
). In
verb form I 
, this prefixed letter is always voweled with a
 fathah 
َ
). However the voweling of the ‘
ain 
 
ﻉ
 
 )position varies. Thus the active voice of the
 present tense 
of 
verb form I 
hasthree possible patterns:
1)
 
ﹸﻞﻌﹾﻔﻳ 
 
2)
 
ﹸﻞﻌﹾﻔﻳ 
 
3)
 
ﹸﻞﻌﹾﻔﻳ 
 
PRINCIPLE SIX 
 The passive voice of the
 present tense 
of 
verb form I 
always takes the pattern
ﹸﻞﻌﹾﻔﻳ 
. This pattern was covered in
Lesson Four.
 
 
The Six Types of Verb Form I 
77
TABLE 16.1
 VERB FORM I ON THE PATTERN OF
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
 
PERSONGENDERPLURALITYBASESUFFIX ACTIVE VOICE
3rdMasculineSingular
ﻞﻌﻓ
 
ﹶﻞﻌﹶﻓ
 
3rdMasculineDual
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺍ
ﹶﻼﻌﹶﻓ
 
3rdMasculinePlural
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺍﻭ
ﺍﻮﹸﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
3rdFeminineSingular
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺕ
ﺖﹶﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
3rdFeminineDual
ﻓﻞﻌ 
+
ﺎﺗ
ﺎﺘﹶﻠﻌَﹶﻓ
 
3rdFemininePlural
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﹶﻥ
ﻦﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
2ndMasculineSingular
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺕ
ﺖﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
2ndMasculineDual
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺎﻤﺗ
ﺎﻤﺘﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
2ndMasculinePlural
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﻢﺗ
ﻢﺘﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
2ndFeminineSingular
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺕ
ﺖﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
2ndFeminineDual
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺎﻤﺗ
ﺎﻤﺘﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
2ndFemininePlural
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﻦﺗ
ﻦﺘﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
1stMasculine andFeminineSingular
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺕ
ﺖﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 
1stMasculine andFemininePlural
ﻞﻌﻓ
+
ﺎﻧ
ﺎﻨﹾﻠﻌﹶﻓ
 

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