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isdn

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Published by neeraj kumar singh

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Published by: neeraj kumar singh on Sep 20, 2009
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10/17/2010

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INTEGRATED SERVICE DIGITALNETWORK 
 
 New Technology Familiarization (ISDN)
 BRBRAITT / MAR 2004 2
 
INTEGRATED SERVICE DIGITALNETWORK 
A RECENT development in the Indian telecommunication network is theintroduction of Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) in all the places.ISDN is a network that provides end-to-end digital connectivity to support awide range of services including voice and non voice services. Users can haveaccess using a limited set of standard multipurpose customer interface.To start with, the BSNL has introduced only narrow band ISDN leaving the broad band ISDN and Universal access ISDN. As the Internet has comealready into India the introduction of ISDN is only appropriate, to serve thehigh profile customers in an economical way.Of course, the customers in India have been made to wait till 1996, whilearound 3.5. million customers world over are already enjoying ISDN service,for the main reason that digitalisation of the present telecom network combined with CCS No. 7 signalling which are prerequisite for ISDN, could be completed only in 1995. Now in almost all the major cities BSNL hascommissioned new technology switches with ISDN capabilities thanks to thelarge scale import of equipment from advanced countries like Germany,France and Japan.ISDN has emerged as a powerful tool , by providing different services such astelephone, fax, data communication, image and picture transmission, torespond quickly to the needs and expectations of the common subscriber andthe business community. A single pair of copper premises of the customer canestablish at least two simultaneous independent calls either of voice or data.
ISDN CHANNELS – BASIC RATE ACCESS (BRA)
Basic Rate Access (2 B + D)Single Pair of WiresB1= 64 KbpsB2= 64 KbpsD = 16 Kbps
 
 New Technology Familiarization (ISDN)
 BRBRAITT / MAR 2004 3
 
1.
 
B Channel
 
: There are 2 B – Channels each operate at 64 kbps. Carriesinformation for user services including Voice, Audio, Video and digital data.Total B Channel bandwidth is 128 Kbps (64 + 64).
2.
 
D Channel
: Operate at 16 Kbps, carries signals between the User and thenetwork. This may also carry user data packets at lower speeds up to 16 kbps.
ISDN Channels – Primary Rate Access (PRA)
 
1.
 
B Channel
 
: There are 30 B – Channels each @ 64 kbps.
 
2.
 
D Channel
: One D chl – 64 kbps for signalling.
PRIMARY RATE ACCESS (30 B + D)
30 Channels of 64 Kbps each for speech and data1 Channel of 64 Kbps for signalingCustomer Premises Equipments :(a)
 
Network Terminal (NT 1)
: This equipment connects the 2 wireISDN line (U interface) from exchange for BRA – ISDN at one side and provides a standard 4 wire interface (S interface), on the other side VariousCustomer Premises Equipment (CPEs) can be connected on the S interface.(b)
 
Terminal Adapters (TA)
: A Terminal Adapter connects the Sinterface to one side and one or more of the following on the other side.Analog Phones, G3 FAX, answering machine, Cordless Phone etc.Terminal types of V.24 OR (RS 232C), X-25, V.35 etc.Two Pair of PCM30 B Channels at 64Kbps each1 D at 64 Kbps

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