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How the Nation Was Won--America's Untold Story: 1630-1754

How the Nation Was Won--America's Untold Story: 1630-1754

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Published by walkley8
The story of the extraordin­ary political fight, waged for nearly a century before the outbreak of the American Revolution, to colonize and develop the vast territories to the west.
The story of the extraordin­ary political fight, waged for nearly a century before the outbreak of the American Revolution, to colonize and develop the vast territories to the west.

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Published by: walkley8 on Feb 12, 2014
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THE NEW FEDERALIST January 15, 1988 Pages 5-8
American Almanac
How the Nation Was WonAmerica's Untold Story: 1630-175
First Part  Fr!" t#e $!!% $y
H! "raham #owry
$ir%inia's Shenandoah $alley& at the oot o the (l)e *id%e +o)ntains! ,n the irst decade o the 1th cent)ry& America's re.)/lican leaders /e%an im.le-mentin% a strate%y o etendin% settlements /eyond the A..alachian and Alle%heny +o)ntains& to con)er the continent or re.)/licanism!
 Author's Introduction
T#is is a &!!% a&!ut #!' "en "!(e "!untains) T#e *es+riti!n is n!t si"y "eta#!ri+a, +!n+erning A"eri+a.s ast!nis#ing /eat !/ /!rging a suer!'er !ut !/ a +!ntinenta 'i*erness) It as! aies t! an e0tra!r*in-ary !iti+a /ig#t, 'age* /!r neary a +entury &e/!re t#e !ut&rea% !/ t#e A"eri+an Re(!uti!n t#e &atte t! &rea% &ey!n* t#e !ng &arrier !/ t#e eastern Aaa+#ian 2!untain +#ain, in !r*er t! +!!ni3e an* *e(e! t#e (ast territ!ries t! t#e 'est)
 
T#e (isi!n !/ *e(e!ing a +!ntinenta reu&i+ in t#e Ne' W!r* gui*e* A"eri+a.s +!!nists as /ar &a+% as J!#n Wint#r!.s /!un*ing !/ 2assa+#u-setts in 146) Wit# &ene/it /r!" t#e e0erien+es !/ 7atain J!#n S"it#, '#!se si"iar #!es /!r su+# a r!e+t in irginia #a* /aie*, Wint#r! !rgani3e* t#e 2assa+#usetts $ay e0e*iti!n as a /irst-stage, sa+e +!!ny "ig#t &e !rgani3e* t!*ay) He re+ruite* a t#e s%ie* ers!ns #e +!u* "uster, in engineering, t!!"a%ing, +!nstru+ti!n, an* agri+uture, t! t#e i"its !/ eary se(enteent#-+entury te+#n!!gy) His s"a s#is as! &r!ug#t #un*re*s !/ *e*i+ate* +!!nists an* t#eir /a"iies, t! un*erta%e a nati!n- &ui*ing "issi!n t#at :!//i+ia: !ini!n !/ t#e ti"e +!nsi*ere* i"!ssi&e);n*er se/-g!(erning !'ers !/ in*een*en+e, t#e 2assa+#usetts +!!ny esta&is#e* an in-*et#, reu&i+an +iti3enryan* +!nsi*era&e e+!n!"i+  !'er, *uring its /irst #a/-+entury !/ e0isten+e) Its in/uen+e 'as srea* in (arying *egrees t#r!ug#!ut Ne' Engan*, an* e(en int! t#e 2i*-Atanti+ +!!nies) As +!!nia !tentias in+rease* /!r *e(e!"ent &ey!n* t#e "!untain &arriers, t#e !&sta+es &e+a"e ess t#e "!untains t#e"se(es, an* "!re t#e +!"&ine* !iti+a an* "iitary !!siti!n !/ /!r+es in &!t# $ritain an* Fran+e)T#e st!ry !/ #!' t#!se !&sta+es 'ere !(er+!"e is t#e su&e+t !/ t#is '!r%) A s"a gr!u !/ +!!nia ea*ers in A"eri+a, '!r%ing &!t# !eny an*  &e#in* t#e s+enes, &egan i"e"enting a strategy in 1<16 /!r an A"eri+an :&rea%!ut: &ey!n* t#e Aaa+#ian an* Aeg#eny "!untains) W#at t#ey a++!"is#e* 'as in*isensa&e t! A"eri+an in*een*en+e) W#at t#ey insire* 'as t#e "issi!n !/ nati!n-&ui*ing, /!r '#i+# A"eri+ans '!u* /ig#t a 'ar t! ensure its &eing /u/ie*) In t#e !ng strugge &et'een t#e /!un*ing !/ 2assa+#usetts an* :t#e s#!t #ear* .r!un* t#e '!r*: at 7!n+!r* $ri*ge, t#at sense !/ "!ra ur!se 'as reeate*y teste*, yet sustaine*) T#e &!* an* #a3ar*!us g!a !/ !siti!ning t#e +!!nies t! *e(e! t#e West 'as attaine* *uring t#e Fren+# an* In*ian War, '#!se (eterans r!(i*e* "u+# !/ t#e ea*ers#i /!r t#e A"eri+an Re(!uti!n)It "ay see" resu"tu!us t! *es+ri&e t#is a++!unt as :A"eri+a.s ;nt!* St!ry): T! t#e aut#!r.s %n!'e*ge, #!'e(er, t#e re+!r* !/ t#e +!ntinu!us e//!rt t! &ui* a +!ntinenta reu&i+, /r!" t#e Puritan /!un*ers t! t#e F!un*ing Fat#ers, #as ne(er &e/!re &een resente*, as a +!#erent, !ng!ing strategi+ &atte) =et t#e e(i*en+e is t#ere, t#at t#e ea*ing /igures '#!  &r!ug#t A"eri+a t! t#e !int it +!u* su++ess/uy assert its in*een*en+e, #a* '!r%e* t! esta&is# t#e ne+essary re+!n*iti!ns a a!ng)
 
T#e e(i*en+e is si"iary a&un*ant, t#at a great "any A"eri+ans!ng  &e/!re t#e Re(!uti!nt#!r!ug#y *eteste* $ritis# rue, !n re+isey t#e issue !/ $ritain.s re/usa t! er"it any rea *e(e!"ent !/ t#e +!ntinent) In t#e +!!nists. "in*s, $ritain.s !ressi!n 'as un*ers+!re* &y its !en +!usi!n 'it# Fran+e t! *estr!y +!!nia atte"ts t! *e(e! t#e interi!r) West'ar* +!!ni3ati!n e//!rts, /r!" Ne' Engan* t! t#e 7ar!inas, 'ere instant targets /!r In*ian "assa+res, tyi+ay *ire+te* &y Fren+# Jesuit :"issi!naries: !erating /r!" 7ana*a!r, !n t#e s!ut#ern /an%, /r!" Fren+# !ut!sts in L!uisiana) A"eri+an e//!rts t! re"!(e su+# t#reats t#r!ug# aeas t! t#e "!nar+#y /!r assistan+e, !r &y "iitary "easures !/ t#eir !'n'ere reeate*y &etraye* &y $ritain.s ruing +ir+es) T#ese  !iti+a /a+ts !/ i/e 'ere %n!'n t! generati!ns !/ A"eri+ans &e/!re t#e Re(!uti!n) =et a++!r*ing t! re(aiing #ist!ri+a !ini!n, t#e issue !/  &ui*ing a nati!n *i* n!t e(en arise unti t#e 1<46s)Ha(ing &een :traine* in t#e tra*e,: t#e aut#!r %ne' s!"et#ing !/ t#e 'itting an* un'itting +!"&inati!ns '#i+# #a* r!*u+e* t#is *is"ay i"ite* (ie' !/ !ur nati!n.s /!un*ing) T#e tyi+ay resuting a++!unts e**e t'! +ru-+iay "isea*ing +ai"s) First, t#at t#e Puritan *e(e!"ent !/ Ne' Engan* 'as s!"e s!rt !/ #ist!ri+a >uir%, ter"inate* &e/!re 1<66 &y its !'n irree(an+e, 'it#!ut any asting in/uen+e) Se+!n*, t#at t#e A"eri+an +!!nies "erey e0iste* *uring t#e /irst #a/ !/ t#e eig#teent# +entury, in a stati+, une(ent/u "!*e, 'it# n! signi/i+ant t#!ug#t !r ur!se /!r t#e /uture) T#en a /urt#er +ai" is generay a**e*, t#at A"eri+ans si"y /!ug#t t#e Fren+# an* In*ian War in su!rt !/ $ritis# +!!nia !i+y) ?ny a/ter t#at 'ar, a++!r*ing t! !ur stan*ar* #ist!ry te0ts, *i* t#e i*ea !/ in*e- en*en+e e"erge, in res!nse t! $ritain.s i"eria "easures /!!'ing t#e 1<4 Treaty !/ Paris)T#e /ina &!' is usuay t#us *ei(ere* t#e A"eri+an Re(!uti!n 'as t#e unre*i+te* !ut+!"e !/ t#e +!!nists. su**en #!stiity t! i"eria rue, !(er su+# "atters as t#e Sta" A+t an* t#e ta0 !n tea) In !t#er '!r*s, t#e /!un*-ing !/ t#e greatest reu&i+ in #ist!ry resute* /r!" n!t#ing "!re t#an a s!ntane!us string !/ r!tests, against $ritis# in/ringe"ent u!n s!"e etty rig#ts t#e +!!nias area*y :en!ye*): T#ere 'as a ti"e '#en !ur +iti3ens 'ere !utrage* &y su+# e//!rts t! *eny t#e "!ra ur!se !/ t#e +reati!n !/ t#e ;nite* States) Per#as e(en t! sa(e it n!', t#ey "ust again &e+!"e s!, *esite "!re t#an a +entury an* a #a/ !/ *ei&erate e//!rts t! *eri(e t#e" !/ t#eir rea #ist!ry)

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