“Earthquakes don’t kills the peoples,buildings do”
It can perhaps be said that earthquake are asold as the earth itself. Among the many powerfulforces of nature, earthquake holds a predominantposition. Each year, earthquake occur by thethousands but only a very small % of them arefelt by us at the earths surface & an even smallernumber are large enough to cause much loss.
Until the early nineteenth century,earthquakes did not cause much loss of life dueto very sparse population which lived in singlestory houses with light weight superstructures.
Predictions suggest that by 2025, more than5.5 billion people worldwide will live in cities, anda large population of them to close to region withhigh seismic zones.
The earth’s crust consists of hard plates of rock. These plates sometimes develop stressesover a long period of time. When these stressesexceed the bearing capacity of the rocks theybreak suddenly releasing the accumulated stress.The plane along which the rock breaks is calledthe fault plane. A fault line is basically a crackalong which blocks of rocks move due to thesudden release of stresses.