Rizal’s philosophy of education, therefore, centers on the provision of propermotivation in order to bolster the great social forces that make education asuccess, to create in the youth an innate desire to cultivate his intelligence andgive him life eternal.
Rizal grew up nurtured by a closely-knit Catholic family, was educated in theforemost Catholic schools of the period in the elementary, secondary and collegelevels; logically, therefore, he should have been a propagator of strictly Catholictraditions. However, in later life, he developed a life philosophy of a differentnature, a philosophy of a different Catholic practice intermingled with the use ofTruth and Reason.Why the change?It could have been the result of contemporary contact, companionship,observation, research and the possession of an independent spirit.Being a criticalobserver, a profound thinker and a zealous reformer, Rizal did not agree with theprevailing Christian propagation of the Faith by fire and sword. This is shown inhis Annotation of Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas.Rizal did not believe in the Catholic dogma that salvation was only for Catholicsand that outside Christianity, salvation was not possible even if Catholicscomposed only a small minority of the world’s religious groups. Nor did he believein the Catholic observation of fasting as a sacrifice, nor in the sale of suchreligious items as the cross, medals, rosaries and the like in order to propagatethe Faith and raise church funds. He also lambasted the superstitious beliefspropagated by the priests in the church and in the schools. All of these and a lotmore are evidences of Rizal’s religious philosophy.
In Rizal’s political view, a conquered country like the Philippines should not betaken advantage of but rather should be developed, civilized, educated andtrained in the science of self-government.