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Drug Study

Drug Study

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Published by untoned

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Published by: untoned on Nov 18, 2009
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10/18/2013

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Generic Name Indication Mechanism of Action Contraindication NursingConsideration
Cefuroxime
Brand Name:
Zinacef 
Classification:
Cephalosporin
Dosage:
750mg IV every 8hrsPrevent infection thatwill occur because of difficulty to urinateInhibits bacterial cellwall synthesis, thuspromoting osmoticinstability whicheventually leads tobacterial cell deathContraindicated inpatienthypersensitivity todrug or other cephlosporins.
Adverse Effect:
Nausea & vomiting,headache, dizziness,loose stools, itching
>
obtain specimen for culture & sensitivitytest before giving firstdose.>Assess patient for allergic reaction andanaphylaxis.
>
check for signs &symptoms of asuperinfections,especially if clienttakes high doses of cephalosporin for prolonged period.>monitor vital signs,urine output,laboratory results,report abnormalfindings
 
Generic Name Indication Mechanism of Action Contraindication NursingConsideration
Metoclopromide
Brand Name:
Placil
Classification:
Anti emetic
Dosage:
1 amp IV every 8hoursGI motilitydisturbancesNausea & vomiting of central & peripheralorigin associated withinfectious diseases &drug induced.Dopamine Antagonistthat acts by increasingsensitivity toacetylcholine; resultsin increased motility of the upper GI tract andrelaxation of thepyloric sphincter &duodenal bulb.GI hemorrhageepilepsy, obstructionor perforation
Adverse Effect:
Restlessness,drowsiness, fatigue,dizziness, nausea,headache.>Inject slowly IVevery 1-2 minute toprevent transientfeelings of anxiety &restlessness>N&V, anorexia,constipationabdominal distentionbefore 7 after administration.>Report lack of response , persistentside effect so that theycan be properlyevaluated.>Frequent monitor BPof pt’s taking IV formof drug>Assess pt’s GIcomplaints
 
Generic Name Indication Mechanism of Action Contraindication NursingConsideration
Ambroxol HCL
Brand Name:
Mucosolvan
Classification:
Expextorants
Dosage:
750 mg/cap once adayAcute & chronicdisorders of respiratory tractassociated withbronchial secretionsMay increase theoutput of fluid from therespiratory tract byreducing the viscosity& surface tension of respiratory secretions,thereby removingaccumulatedsecretions from upper & lower airway.HypersensitivityGastric Ulceration
Adverse Effect:
Headache,tachycardia, fatigue,N&V GI discomfort.>Assess cough, typefrequency character including sputum>Provide adequatehydration to 2 L/day todecrease viscosity of secretions. >Monitor for possibleadverse reaction >Suggest sugarlesslozenges to decreasethroat irritation &cough hard candy canbe used to prevent drymouth 

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