1.“Halo effect and selective perception are the shortcuts in judging others” Explain.
Individuals have a tendency to use a number of shortcuts when they judge others. An understanding of these can be helpful towardrecognising when they can result in significant distortions.
The halo effect [Murphy & Anhalt, 1992] occurs when we draw a generalimpression on the basis of a single characteristic. For example, whileappraising the lecture, students may give prominence to a single trait,such as enthusiasm and allow heir evaluation to be tainted by how they judge the instructor on that trait which stood out prominently in theirestimation of that person. Research suggests that it is likely to be mostextreme when the traits to be perceived are ambiguous in behaviouralterms, when the traits have moral overtones, and when he perceiver is judging traits with which he or she has had limited experience.
Any characteristic that makes a person, object, or event stand out willincrease the probability that it will be perceived. It is impossible for anindividual to internalise and assimilate everything that is seen. Onlycertain stimuli can be taken in selectively. Selectivity works as a shortcutin judging other people by allowing us to “speed-read” others, but motwithout the risk of drawing an inaccurate picture. The tendency to seewhat we want to see can make us draw unwarranted conclusions from anambiguous situation.
2.Explain “Emotional Intelligence”
The importance of both emotion and intelligence in making decisions andachieving success in life was well accepted in ancient India. A concept of ‘Sthitha Prajna’ [emotional stability] similar to the concept of emotionalintelligence can be traced in the second chapter of ‘Sri mad BhagavatGita’ , in a specific conversation between lord Krishna and Arjuna in asituation of kurukshetra battle field. Before the battle started Arjuna wasin deep sorrow and pity, found his close relatives, friends and respectedgurus in enemy side. The win the battle he was supposed to kill those
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