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Parajumble tips

Parajumble tips

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Published by: api-19768758 on Nov 28, 2009
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03/18/2014

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It always pays to start small with simple questions. In this article, I will cover all thebasic techniques there are to solve jumbled paragraphs.For me, cracking the parajumbles revolves around one basic technique:Suppose you establish the link ‘BA’. The given options are (a) DABC (b) ACDB (c)CBAD (d) DBAC. Now you are left with option (c) and (d) to examine. You read thesentences in the order given by these two options and use your methods again todetermine which one is correct.Is establishing links between two sentences easy?Not Always. However, easy or not, you can certainly establish links between two ormore sentences with the help of some friends found in the sentences. These friendsare:
TRANSITION WORDS:
Transition words make the shift from one idea to another very smooth. Theyorganize and connect the sentences logically.
Observing the transition wordsfound in a sentence can often give you a clue about the sentence that willcome before/after that particular sentence.
Given below are some commonlyused transition words:also, again, as well as, besides, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover,similarly, consequently, hence, otherwise, subsequently, therefore, thus, as a rule,generally, for instance, for example, for one thing, above all, aside from,barring,besides, in other words, in short, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand,rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, first of all, to begin with, atthe same time, for now, for the time being, in time, later on, meanwhile, next, then,soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion,with this in mind, after all, all in all, to sum up.So how does knowledge of transition words helps us in para jumbles?Let's try outthis CAT question:
(CAT 2001)
A. But in the industrial era destroying the enemy’s productive capacity meansbombing the factories which are located in the cities.B. So in the agrarian era, if you need to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity,what you want to do is bum his fields, or if you’re really vicious, salt them.C. Now in the information era, destroying the enemy’s productive capacity meansdestroying the information infrastructure.D. How do you do battle with your enemy?E. The idea is to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, and depending upon theeconomic foundation, that productive capacity is different in each case.F. With regard to defence, the purpose of the military is to defend the nation and beprepared to do battle with its enemy.1. FDEBAC 2. FCABED 3. DEBACF 4. DFEBAC
Answer:
Look at the transition word ‘
but
’ in the first sentence. It signifies that the sentence isexpressing an idea
contrary to
an idea expressed in some previous sentence. Nowwe need to find that previous sentence. If we further look at the beginning of thefirst sentence, it says ‘
but in the industrial era...
’ which suggests that thecontrariness is with respect to eras. Looking further, we see that sentence
B
and
C
are also starting with statement about eras. But the transition word at the start of 
C
is ‘
now
’ which expresses present era and hence it cannot chronologically comebefore any other past era. That is, if information era is the present era, talk aboutany other era will come
before
this. So sentence
B
is the correct sentence to comebefore the first sentence. Likewise, sentence
C
is the correct sentence to come afterthe first sentence (sentence
C
is continuing the idea). Therefore, we have the link
 
BAC
.We see that option 1, 3 and 4 all have the link BAC. Furthermore, all the threeoptions have the link
EBAC
. Therefore, we only need to arrange
D
and
F
. Thesentence
F
states that ‘
The purpose is….to battle with the enemy
’ and
D
questions ‘
how do you battle with the enemy?
’ Therefore,
D
will come after
F
.Hence
FDEBAC
is the correct arrangement.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS:
Personal pronouns are he, she, it, him, her, they, you, your etc. Remember thatpersonal pronouns always refer to a person, place or thing etc.
Therefore, if asentence contains a personal pronoun without mentioning the person, placeor object it is referring to, the person, place or object must have come in theprevious sentence.
Often, this is a good lead to identify a link. Solve this CATquestion:
(CAT 2001)
A. Although there are large regional variations, it is not infrequent to find a largenumber of people sitting here and there and doing nothing.B. Once in office, they receive friends and relatives who feel free to call any timewithout prior appointment.C. While working, one is struck by the slow and clumsy actions and reactions,indifferent attitudes, procedure rather than outcome orientation, and the lack of consideration for others.D. Even those who are employed often come late to the office and leave early unlessthey are forced to be punctual.E. Work is not intrinsically valued in India.F. Quite often people visit ailing friends and relatives or go out of their way to helpthem in their personal matters even during office hours.1. ECADBF 2. EADCFB 3. EADBFC 4. ABFCBE
Answer:
 
Look at the personal pronoun ‘
they
’ in sentence B: Once in office,
they
receivefriends and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment. Thisthey must be referring to some people. The reference to some people only comes insentences A, D, and F. Therefore, one of the sentences will come before sentence B.Let’s see the link AB, DB, and FB;
Link AB-
Although there are large regional variations, it is not infrequent to find a largenumber of people sitting here and there and doing nothing. Once in office, theyreceive friends and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment.
Link DB-
Even those who are employed often come late to the office and leave early unlessthey are forced to be punctual. Once in office, they receive friends and relatives whofeel free to call any time without prior appointment.
Link FB-
Quite often people visit ailing friends and relatives or go out of their way to helpthem in their personal matters even during office hours. Once in office, they receivefriends and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment.Which of these links makes sense? Only link
DB
seems coherent. Now, we examinethe options with link
DB
. We see that options 1 and 3 have link
DB
in them. Also,both the options have link
ADBF
. Therefore, ADBF is a link. Now we only need toplace sentences
E
and
C
. We can do that by reading the sentences in the order givenin options 1 and 3.
Option 1: Link ECADBF-
Work is not intrinsically valued in India. While working, one is struck by the slow andclumsy actions and reactions, indifferent attitudes, procedure rather than outcomeorientation, and the lack of consideration for others. Although there are largeregional variations, it is not infrequent to find a large number of people sitting hereand there and doing nothing. Even those who are employed often come late to theoffice and leave early unless they are forced to be punctual. Once in office, theyreceive friends and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment.Quite often people visit ailing friends and relatives or go out of their way to helpthem in their personal matters even during office hours.
Option 3: Link EADBFC-
Work is not intrinsically valued in India. Although there are large regional variations,it is not infrequent to find a large number of people sitting here and there and doingnothing. Even those who are employed often come late to the office and leave early

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