This verb is always transitive; it must have a complement to complete its meaning. Itmeans to put or place something.Present:
lay, lays, laying
He lays the book down on the floor. You lay the book down.He is laying his paper on his desk.Past:
I laid my lunch in my locker.Future:
She will lay down the law.Present Perfect:
has have laid
He has laid it on the desk.Past Perfect:
He had laid it there yesterday.Future Perfect:
will have laid
He will have laid it there before you come. The reason these verbs are difficult is the word
. It is past tense, intransitive (to rest orrecline) and present tense, transitive (to put or place something.
(to rest or recline)(to put or place something)Presentlie
laid Third Principal PartlainlaidProgressive form: Add
to the present tense, never to the past tense.Mary is lying in bed. This piece of chalk is lying in my hand. The chalk is lying on the floor.Mary was laying the pencil down.I am laying this piece of chalk in my hand.I am laying it on the floor.