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Permutations and Combinations

# Permutations and Combinations

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01/08/2011

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Permutations and Combination
Permutation:- Each of the different
arrangements
thatcan be made out of a given number of things by takingsome or all of them at a time called a permutation. Notation:-The no. of permutations (or arrangements) of
n
different things taken
at a time (
r <=n)
is denoted bythe symbol
n
P
r.
n
n
n

For example:- Permutations of three letters,say a, b, c taken two at a time are ab, ba, bc,cb, ca, ac and the no. of permutations of thesethree letters taken two at a time is denoted by
3
P
2.
i.e.
3
P
2
= 3*2=6.

Example 1:- How many different numbers of four digits can beformed with the digits 2,3,4,5,6,7, none of the digits beingrepeated in any of the numbers so formed?Solu
n
: To form the numbers of four digits, we have to arrangethe given digits 2,3,4,5,6,7 taking four at a time. Six digitscan be arranged taken four at a time in
6
P
4
.
Hence the required number of numbers=

6
P
4
= 6*5*4*3=360.