Civil Aviation Training Institute, Hyderabad Civil Aviation Training Institute, Hyderabad - - Pakistan Pakistan
FANS (Future Air Navigation System)FANS (Future Air Navigation System)ICAO Council established,in19831983,,the Special Committee onFuture Air Navigation Systems (FANS) to study, identify andassess new technologies, including satellite technology, and tomake recommendations for the future development of navigation systems for civil aviation.Shortcomings into the then air navigation systemShortcomings into the then air navigation system
The propagation limitations of the line-of-sight systems;
The difficulty of implementing CNS systems and of operatingthem in a consistent manner in large parts of the world;
The limitations of voice communication; and
The lack of digital air-ground data interchange systems tosupport modern aeronautical systems.