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Retaining Walls

Retaining Walls

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an excel program that will help you design a gravity retaining wall.
an excel program that will help you design a gravity retaining wall.

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Published by: Carmel Buniel Sabado on Jan 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/20/2013

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CARMEL B. SABADOCE-162PROF. GERONIDES P. ANCOGBSCE-52nd Excel Program###
*note:the boxes in yellow should be inputed by the designer,while blue ones are computed by the program.
****====DESIGN OF GRAVITY RETAINING WALL====****
f, coefficient
1. Soil or gravel without fine particle
17.25 - 18.8533 -400.5 -0.6
highly permeable.2. Sand or gravel with silt mixture, l
18.85 - 20.4025 - 350.4 - 0.5
permeability3. Silty sand, sand and gravel with h
17.25 - 18.8523 - 300.3 - 0.4
clay content4. Medium or stiff clay
15.70 - 18.8525 - 350.2 - 0.4
5. Soft clay, silt
14.10 - 17.2520 -250.2 - 0.3 0.5 mqs =20 kPa3.50 m
        0  .        2        5        0  .        2        5
1.10 m0.60 m
Solutio
(Use class 2 of the table given above)Composite Section3.50 m1.10 mSoil pressure coefficient, Rankine equation for horizontal soil surface30°Passive soil pressure coefficient18.85kN/m³qs =20.00kPa=3.00h' =1.061mDistances computationActive soil pressure coefficient2.0000m0.1250m=0.330.5000m1.7500m3.8750mw, kN/m³φ, degrees
 Table 1: Unit weights
w
, effective angles of internal friction φ, and coefficients of friction with con
φ =
w
=c
1
= B/2 =c
2
= e/2 =c
3
= e + a/2 =c
4
= (B - 2e - a)/3 + e + a =c
5
= B - e + e/2 =
7
c
7
a
3
c
5
1
2
4
5
6
c
1
c
2
 
c
3
c
4
c
6
h
h
e
 B
ah
=
1
sin
φ
1
sin
φ
 ph
=
1
sin
φ
1
sin
φ
 
2.7500m2.3750mGiven retaining wall dimensions:a =0.50mPassive soil pressure:b =1.10mh = b=1.10mc =3.50md =0.60m=34.21kNe =0.25mActive soil pressure:=0.37mh =b + c =4.60mTentative wall base dimension:=97.14kNB =4.00m=1.78mCheck retaining wall sta 23.60kN/m³Friction coeff., f 0.50component weights56.6402.0000113.2802.3560.12500.29547.2000.500023.600141.6001.7500247.800113.1003.8750438.26318.8502.750051.83865.0002.3750154.375444.7461029.450Overturning moment: OMFactor of safety against overturning:172.47kN-mLocation of resultant with respect to toe:=5.97> 2.00, ok!=1.93mFactor of safety against sliding:=0.07m=2.64> 1.50, ok!B/3 =1.33mthe middle third of the base. No tension will occur on the foundation.121.61kPa100.76kPa143kPaqmax < qa, the wall is safe against soil bearing.0.5 m
Retaining Wall Details
qs =20 kPa3.50 m
        0  .        2        5        0  .        2        5
c
6
= (B - 2e - a)2/3 + e + ac
7
= (B - e - a)/2 + e + a =w
c
=W
i
c
i
RM=W
i
c
i
W
1
= Bdw
c
=W
2
= e(b - d)w
s
=W
3
= a(b + c - d)w
c
=W
4
= (B - 2e - a)(b + c - d)w
c
/2 =W
5
= (B - 2e - a)(b + c - d)w
s
/2 =W
6
= e(b + c - d)w
s
=W
7
= q
s
(B - e - a) =ΣW
i
=ΣW
i
c
i
=OM = P
ah
y
ah
=q
max
=q
min
=q
a
=
 P 
ah
=
12
ah
wh
h
2h
 y
ah
=
h
2
3
hh
3
h
2h
 P 
 ph
=
12
 ph
wh
2
 y
 ph
=
h
3
 x
=
RM 
OM  R
v
=
i
e
=
 B
2
 x
maxmin
qalignl 
¿¿
¿
=
 R
v
 B
1
±
6
e B
2
¿
 FS 
overturning 
=
 RM 
=
i
c
i
OM 
=
 P 
ah
 y
ah
 FS 
 sliding 
=
fR
v
=
 f  
i
 P 
 ph
 P 
ah
 
1.10 m0.60 m4.00m

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