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Wetland Inventory and Classification for Carlton and South St. Louis Counties (306-07-08)

Wetland Inventory and Classification for Carlton and South St. Louis Counties (306-07-08)

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Accurate maps of the type and locations of wetlands are critical for land use planning, particularly for watersheds undergoing rapid develoment or facing increased development pressure. The important role wetlands play in maintaining habitat, water quality and surface and ground-water protection is well documented, but current information on the types, sizes, and locations of wetlands is difficult to obtain.

This project was funded in part through the Coastal Zone Management Act, by NOAA’s Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management in conjunction with Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program
Accurate maps of the type and locations of wetlands are critical for land use planning, particularly for watersheds undergoing rapid develoment or facing increased development pressure. The important role wetlands play in maintaining habitat, water quality and surface and ground-water protection is well documented, but current information on the types, sizes, and locations of wetlands is difficult to obtain.

This project was funded in part through the Coastal Zone Management Act, by NOAA’s Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management in conjunction with Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Minnesota's Lake Superior Coastal Program on Mar 09, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/13/2010

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Wetland Inventory and Classification for Carltonand South St. Louis Counties
Final Report and DeliverablesGeorge Host and Paul MeysembourgNatural Resources Research InstituteUniversity of Minnesota DuluthDuluth, MNDecember 31, 2008Submitted toMinnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal ProgramMinnesota Department of Natural ResourcesMLSCP Project No. 306-07-08Contract No. A92532NRRI Technical Report NRRI/TR-2009/01
This project was funded in part through the Coastal Zone Management Act, by NOAA’s Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management in conjunction with Minnesota’s Lake Superior CoastalProgram
 
Host and Meysembourg 2008 2
Project Description
Accurate maps of the type and locations of wetlands are critical for land use planning,particularly for watersheds undergoing rapid develoment or facing increaseddevelopment pressure. The important role wetlands play in maintaining habitat, waterquality and surface and ground-water protection is well documented, but currentinformation on the types, sizes, and locations of wetlands is difficult to obtain. As coastalenvironments come under increased pressure from development, this information isessential for zoning, buildout scenarios and numerous other planning objectives. Withinthe Coastal Program boundary, however, up-to-date information on wetland type anddistribution is sparse, outdated, or lacking for many watersheds. While the NationalWetland Inventory is the most extensive and commonly used inventory, the limitationswith respect to spatial and classification accuracy are well-recognized.Over several iterations, we have systematically been mapping wetlands within high-growth areas of the Minnesota's Lake Superior Coastal Program. The objective of thecurrent proposal is to use recent MN DNR aerial photography and other spatial data todelineate and characterize wetlands for the southwestern portion the Coastal Programarea. These includes approximately three townships in Carlton County and watershedextensions into St. Louis County (Figure 1). Our primary end products are digital maps of classified wetlands and with associated data tables, which are here provided to the LakeSuperior Coastal Program for distribution to decision makers and the general public.Wetland maps are delivered in two formats. As part of this final report to the MN DNR,we have included a DVD that contains the rectified raw imagery, interpreted wetland inGIS format, and metadata for the data layers. We have also created, as part of theCoastalGIS website at the Natural Resources Research Institute, downloadable and on-line versions of the interpreted wetlands. The download versions are delivered in ESRIshapefile format, with associated metadata. We also provide an interactive version usingthe Arc Internet Map Server, which allows maps to be viewed and manipulated over theInternet with a standard web brower. The NOAA-funded CoastalGIS web site wasestablished in March 2002 to serve as a clearinghouse for spatial data relevant to theCoastal Program. The site currently contains a wide range of data sets on naturalresources and infrastructure, and is designed to assist local decision makers and thegeneral public in land use planning. The CoastalGIS web site can be accessed at:
 This project consisted of three tasks:1.
 
Aquisition and georectification of MN DNR aerial photographs of theselected watersheds2.
 
Classification of wetlands from these photographs according to classes of the National Wetland Inventory. This task includes development of metadata according to FGDC standards3.
 
Delivery of data through electronic media and web-based sources
 
Host and Meysembourg 2008 3
The key deliverables for this project, included with this document, are:1.
 
Compressed versions of the scanned and rectified color-infraredphotographs2.
 
A National Wetland Inventory classification of wetlands within thetargeted watersheds, delivered in standard GIS database format, includeddescriptions of the data and a report on data accuracy3.
 
Electronic media and Internet-based copies of all data developed by thisproject
Figure 1. Study area with watershed boundaries and wetland classes
 

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