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l7 chapt5-3 web

l7 chapt5-3 web

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Published by Trip Adler

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Published by: Trip Adler on May 13, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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Chemistry 5
Chapter-5
 Reactions in Aqueous Solutions Part-3
2 October 2002
 
How is electrical power generated??
The combustion of fossil fuels is one of the most common methods used togenerate electrical power. In this process,the heat of combustion is converted tosteam that drives a turbine which drives agenerator.
An alternative approach that has the potential to achieve close to 100 %efficiency involves the use of fuel cells.
Important Applications of RedoxReactions: Fuel Cells
In a fuel cell, the reactants are used to produceelectrical power directly through coupled oxidationand reduction ½-reactions.What are some limitations (i.e., why not morewidely used)?-cost/MW is high (but decreasing)-most efficient fuel sources can be dangeroustypical efficiency: 30-35%; best: ~ 40%automobile efficiency: ~20%
 
Hydrogen/Oxygen Fuel Cell
Overall reaction:
Half-reactions:
anode, (-)(+), cathode
     e       l     e     c       t     r     o       l     y       t     e
H
3
O+
H
2
+ O
2
H
2
OOS’s:oxidation (anode):H
2
2H
+
+ 2e
-
reduction (cathode):O
2
+ 4H
+
+ 4e
-
2H
2
O
222
()
O
2
H
2
H
2
O
Key Points:run continuously at high efficiencyproduct is benign

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