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FEM Zabaras Cornell University StrongAndWeakFormsFor2DBVP

# FEM Zabaras Cornell University StrongAndWeakFormsFor2DBVP

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Published by: Dr. Ir. R. Didin Kusdian, MT. on Apr 09, 2010

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1MAE 4700 –FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace Design N. Zabaras (11/06/2009)
MAE4700/5700Finite Element Analysis forMechanical and Aerospace Design
Cornell University, Fall 2009Nicholas ZabarasMaterials Process Design and Control LaboratorySibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering101 Rhodes HallCornell UniversityIthaca, NY 14853-3801

MAE 4700 –FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace Design N. Zabaras (11/06/2009)
Mathematical preliminaries
Let us consider a domain with interior andboundaryUsually the boundary is definedparametrically as follows: , where is thearc length alongFor a function
f(x,y)
on the boundary we canwrite:We denote the primary (scalar) variable in 2D as
u(x,y).
Until further notice, we assume that allfunctions used here are smooth enough for theoperations shown to be valid.
Ω
.
∂Ω
Ω
( ), ( )
x s y s
( ) ( ( ), ( )), .
f s f x s y s s
= Ω
∂Ω
,
∂Ω
.
∂Ω
s

MAE 4700 –FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace Design N. Zabaras (11/06/2009)
Mathematical preliminaries
Recall that the gradient is the rate of change of
as wemove from
(x,y)
to nearby locations:Many times we will interpret this as a mathematical operation of thedifferential operator onThe gradient determines the rate of change of
at
(x,y)
inany directionThe rate of change of
in a given directionis given as:
( , ).
u x y
( , ) ( , )( , )
u x y u x yu x y i j x y
= +
i j x y
∇ = +
( , ) ( , ) ( , )( , ) cos sin
du x y u x y u x yu x y dt x y
== +
i
θ θ
( , )
u x y
cos sin
t i j
θ θ
= +
( , )
u x y