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ch-3

ch-3

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Published by: p_k_soni_iit_physics on Apr 12, 2010
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09/03/2012

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Path of particle
 y 
r
r
 f 
r
 f 
F
IGURE
3.1
A particle moving inthe
xy 
plane is located with theposition vector drawn from theorigin to the particle. Thedisplacement of the particle as it moves from to in the timeinterval
t
 f 
is equal to the vector .
r
:
r
:
 f 
r
:
r
:
Motion in Two Dimension
S
Chapter 3
 
 y 
 v 
r
r
 f  
 v 
 f  
 v 
 v 
 f  
or
 v 
 v  v 
 f  
F
IGURE
3.3
 A particle moves from position to position. Its velocity vector changes from at time
to at time
 f  
. The vector addition diagrams at the upper right show two ways of determining the vector from the initial and final velocities.
 v 
:
 v 
:
 f  
 v 
:
Direction of 
 v 
at 
 y 
r
3
r
2
r
1
F
IGURE
3.2
 As a particle movesbetween two points, its average velocity is in the direction of the displacement  vector . As the end point of the pathis moved from toto, therespective displacements andcorresponding time intervals becomesmaller and smaller. In the limit that the end point approaches ,
approaches zero and the direction of approaches that of the line tangent to the curve at . By definition, theinstantaneous velocity at is in thedirection of this tangent line.
r
:
r
:
 
 y 
 yf  
 yi 
 v 
 f  
 v 
a
xi 
xf  
(a)
 y 
 f  
 y 
r
 f  
 v 
xi 
 f  
(b)
 y 
212
 yi 
r
a
212
212
Figure 3.4
 Vector representations and components of (a) the velocity and (b) the position of a particle under constant acceleration .

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