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ch-3Ratings: (0)|Views: 22|Likes: 9

Published by p_k_soni_iit_physics

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/29803013/ch-3

09/03/2012

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original

Path of particle

x y t

i

r

i

∆

r

t

f

r

f

O

F

IGURE

3.1

A particle moving inthe

xy

plane is located with theposition vector drawn from theorigin to the particle. Thedisplacement of the particle as it moves from to in the timeinterval

tt

f

t

i

is equal to the vector .

r

:

r

:

f

r

:

i

r

:

Motion in Two Dimension

S

Chapter 3

x y O

v

i

r

i

r

f

v

f

–

v

i

∆

v v

f

or

v

i

∆

v v

f

F

IGURE

3.3

A particle moves from position to position. Its velocity vector changes from at time

t

i

to at time

t

f

. The vector addition diagrams at the upper right show two ways of determining the vector from the initial and ﬁnal velocities.

v

:

v

:

f

v

:

i

Direction of

v

at

O y x

∆

r

3

∆

r

2

∆

r

1

" '

F

IGURE

3.2

As a particle movesbetween two points, its average velocity is in the direction of the displacement vector . As the end point of the pathis moved from toto, therespective displacements andcorresponding time intervals becomesmaller and smaller. In the limit that the end point approaches ,

t

approaches zero and the direction of approaches that of the line tangent to the curve at . By deﬁnition, theinstantaneous velocity at is in thedirection of this tangent line.

r

:

r

:

x a

y

t v

yf

v

yi

v

f

v

i

a

t v

xi

a

x

t v

xf

(a)

x y

f

y

i

r

f

v

i

t v

xi

t x

f

(b)

a

y

t

212

v

yi

t

r

i

a

t

212

a

x

t

212

x

i

Figure 3.4

Vector representations and components of (a) the velocity and (b) the position of a particle under constant acceleration .

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