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Sewage Treatment

Sewage Treatment

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Published by Ashish Kumar
ppt.presentation on grit chambers
ppt.presentation on grit chambers

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Published by: Ashish Kumar on Apr 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Sewage TreatmentSewage Treatment
Grit chamberAshishKumarC07202Civil(6
Classification of Sewage Treatmentprocesses:
Preliminary Treatment:
-includes Screening for removingfloating papers , rags , clothes etc. ; Grit Chambers or DetritusTank for removing grit and sand ; and Skimming tanks forremoving oils and greases.
Primary Treatment
:-includes sedimentation tanks whichare designed to remove a part of he organic matter from thesewage effluent coming out from the grit chambers.
Secondary Treatment
:-further treatment of effluentcoming from sedimentation tank.filters,aeration tanks,oxidationponds and aerated lagoons,anaerobic lagoons,septic tanks,inhoff tanks etc. are used for biological decomposition of organic matter.
Final or Advanced Treatment
:chemical processescarried out for removing iron,phosphate etc..
Municipal wastewater is a combination of 
Inorganic solids such as pebbles,sand,silt,eggshells,glass,metalfragments
Organic solids such as bone chips,seeds,coffeeand teagrounds,vegetablecuttings,ashclinker,woodpieces etc
These are called Grits.
Grit Chambers
These are placed usually after the fine screens and before theprimary sedimentation tankGrit chamber removes the inorganic grit of nominal diameterof 0.15-.20 mm or more.In general, grit channels are desingnedto remove all particlesof higher specific gravity of 2.65 or so, with a nominal diaof .20 mm or more, having settling velocity of 21mm/s .

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