To review:A preposition relates a noun or a pronoun to another part of the sentence.They show where, when, or in what direction.
1. Where Prepositions- on, in, at, inside, above…2. When Prepositions- after, before, during, while…3. What Direction Prepositions- under, over, toward…See your packet called “Three small but Important parts of speech” to know forexamples of the most common prepositions.
A prepositional phrase is a short group of words beginning with a prepositionand ending with a noun or pronoun. Prepositional phrases functions asadjectives or adverbs.
Some basic prepositional phrases: At home, in time, from Jake.Some more complex prepositional phrases: Along the busy highway, under the warmblanket, from my Aunt Jane, on the road to Grandmother’s houseSome sentences can have more than one: I stood
in the rain
during the game.
Prepositional phrases that function as adjective tell us “which one.”
on the bathroom floor
is all wet now. Which book? The one on the bathroomfloor. The note
from my second cousin Ed
was unreadable. Which note? The one from mysecond cousin Ed.
Prepositional phrases that function as adverbs tell us “how” or “when” or“where.”
She travelled from London
on a Jet Blue plane
. How did she travel? On a plane.
Jeff asked his friend for a pencil. When did he ask? Before class.We all met for dinner
at the new Italian restaurant
. Where did we meet? At the newrestaurant.
Examples: Underline the prepositional phrase or phrases. Then circle thepreposition or prepositions.
1. Tim ran from first to second base.2. The smell of cookies drifted throughout the house.