known as Count Dracula. In 1556 the Venetian government published Notizie scritte, for which readers paid a small coin, or “gazetta”. In the first half of the 17th century, newspapers began to appear as regular and frequent publications. The first modern newspapers were products of western European countries like Germany (publishingRelation in 1605), France (Gazette in 1631), Belgium (NieuweTijdingen in 1616) and England (the London Gazette, founded in 1665,is still published as a court journal). These periodicals consisted mainlyof news items from Europe, and occasionally included information fromAmerica or Asia. They rarely covered domestic issues; instead English papers reported on French military blunders while French paperscovered the latest British royal scandal
Newspaper content began to shift toward more local issues in thelatter half of the 17th century. Still, censorship was widespread andnewspapers were rarely permitted to discuss events that might incitecitizens to opposition. Newspaper headlines did announce the beheadingof Charles I at the end of the English Civil War, although Oliver Cromwell tried to suppress all news books on the eve of the execution.In 1766, Sweden was the first country to pass a law protecting pressfreedom.
HET’S Institute of Management Studies, Hubli