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40.OFDM - Copy

40.OFDM - Copy

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Published by Sai Kiran Vemula

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Published by: Sai Kiran Vemula on Oct 30, 2010
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10/30/2010

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OFDM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
 PRESENTED
 
 By
SAI RAM TIRLUKA (
IV
/
IV
ECE)
 Email id 
:
1.
2.
CELL NO
: 9989372939
  ST ANN’S COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY 
CHIRALAM.JAGADEESH KUMAR (
IV
/
IV
ECE)
Email id:
1
 .
 
.
2
.
 
CELL NO
: 9247455434
 
 ST ANN’S COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY 
CHIRALA
 
1
 
 
ABSTRACT
 OFDM otherwise called orthogonal frequency divisionmultiplexing is a modulation and a multiple access technique that can be applied tomobile communications.OFDM or Multitone modulation as it is sometimes called is the basis for several commercial wireless applications. In OFDM the segment are accordingto frequency there by dividing the spectrum into a number of equally spaced tones whichare orthogonal with each other and carries a portion of user information on each tone. Asthe mobile cellular wireless system operate under harsh and challenging channelconditions, the wireless channel is distinct and much more unpredictable than the wired because of the factors such as multipath fading, shadow fading, Doppler spread and timedispersion or delay spread.OFDM over comes the ISI(intersymbol interference)in amultipath environment. In order to combat these effects the modern wireless systemsemploy a variety of signal processing techniques which include the factors such asequalization, error correction coding, spread spectrum, interleaving and diversity. Thesinusoidal waveforms making up the OFDM tones have the very special property of  being the only Eigen functions of a linear channel. With this property and theincorporation of small amount of guard time, called the cyclic prefix to each symbolenables the orthogonality between tones to be preserved in the presence of multipath.Thecyclic prefix allows the tones to be realigned at the receiver thus regaining orthogonalityand is used to absorb transients from previous bursts caused by multipath.2
 
INTRODUCTION
DEFINITION:
Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a communicationstechnique that divides a communications channel into a number of equally spacedfrequency bands. A subcarrier carrying a portion of the user information is transmitted ineach band. Each subcarrier is orthogonal (independent of each other) with every other subcarrier, differentiating OFDM from the commonly used frequency divisionmultiplexing (FDM).
OVERVIEW OF OFDM:
This paper describes OFDM and its application to mobile communications.OFDM is a modulation and multiple-access technique that has been explored for morethan 20 years. Only recently has it been finding its way into commercial communicationssystems, as Moore's Law has driven down the cost of the signal processing that is neededto implement OFDM–based systems.OFDM, or multitone modulation as it is sometimes called, is presently used in anumber of commercial wired and wireless applications. On the wired side, it is used for avariant of digital subscriber line (DSL). For wireless, OFDM is the basis for severaltelevision and radio broadcast applications, including the European digital broadcasttelevision standard, as well as digital radio in North America. OFDM is also used inseveral fixed wireless systems and wireless local-area network (LAN) products. A system based on OFDM has been developed to deliver mobile broadband data service at datarates comparable to those of wired services, such as DSL and cable modems.3

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