Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
24Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Disinfection and Chlorination

Disinfection and Chlorination

Ratings: (0)|Views: 762 |Likes:
deals with disinfection and disinfectants and with chlorination. it also deals with the design of the system for chlorination
deals with disinfection and disinfectants and with chlorination. it also deals with the design of the system for chlorination

More info:

Published by: Dr. Akepati Sivarami Reddy on Nov 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
See more
See less

12/11/2013

 
Disinfection
Dr. Akepati S. Reddy Associate Professor, Thapar University Adjunct Scientist, TCIRD Patiala (Punjab)
 – 
 147 004
 
Biological water quality
Assessed by MPN test (Multiple tube fermentation technique and membrane filtration technique)
Improved by disinfection: deactivation (render harmless), not sterilization, of pathogens (causing water borne diseases)
Disinfection two types
Primary disinfection: achieving desired level of microbial kills or inactivation
Secondary disinfection: maintaining disinfectant residual in finished water to prevent regrowth of microorganisms
Disinfection can be brought about by
Chemical agents (disinfectants)
Chlorine and hypochlorite; Chlorine dioxide; and Chloramines
Ozone
Mixed oxidants
Irradiation (UV radiation) and Heating
Sonification, electrocution,
Filtration (and membrane filtration, nano-filtration!), Coagulation-flocculation, and Settling also assist
Disinfection
 
Disinfection
Inactivation processes include denaturation of
 –
proteins (structural proteins, enzymes, transport proteins)
 –
nucleic acids (genomic DNA or RNA, mRNA, tRNA, etc)
 –
lipids (lipid membranes, other lipids)
Disinfection kinetics is described by
Chick’s law (1908)
 
 –
Follows first order kinetics - when the disinfectant level is constant the number of microbes surviving is function of contact time
 –
Equal susceptibility and uniform dispersion of the microbes is assumed
 –
Reduction of microbes is expressed in log reductions (1 log reduction = 10% survival, 2 log reduction = 1% survival, 3 log reduction = 0.1% survival and so on.
k N  N kdt dN 
    
0
ln
 N is the number of microbes
‘t’ is contact time
 
‘k’ is disinfection rate constant
 

Activity (24)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
Vishavpal Goyal liked this
1 thousand reads
Amarbir Kang liked this
1 hundred reads
vk100 liked this
miguel_marsh liked this
Dishika Jagga liked this
Dishika Jagga liked this
eugen1990 liked this
harmohan_kaul liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->